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How to identify disadvantage: taking the envy test seriously

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dc.contributor.author Parr, Tom
dc.date.accessioned 2021-11-22T11:03:58Z
dc.date.available 2021-11-22T11:03:58Z
dc.date.issued 2018
dc.identifier.citation Parr T. How to identify disadvantage: taking the envy test seriously. Political Studies. 2018;66(2):306-22. DOI: 10.1177/0032321717720377
dc.identifier.issn 0032-3217
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/10230/49036
dc.description.abstract In this article, I am concerned exclusively with the kind of comparative disadvantage an individual suffers in having less valuable opportunities than another individual and that may entitle her to corrective action, such that we ought to regulate the risk of this disadvantage and/or consider compensating her if she suffers disadvantage. The dominant approach in both political philosophy and public policy proceeds by identifying a metric by which to determine whether an individual’s opportunities are less valuable than another’s. Let’s call this the Metric Test. However, there is another way in which to proceed. Rather than appealing to a metric by which to determine disadvantage, we could instead allow an individual to determine for herself whether or not she is disadvantaged. On the version of this view that I shall defend, we should treat an individual as disadvantaged if and only if that individual envies another’s opportunities. Let’s call this the Envy Test. My overall aim in this article is to illuminate the appeal of the Envy Test and, in particular, to explain its superiority over the Metric Test.
dc.format.mimetype application/pdf
dc.language.iso eng
dc.publisher SAGE Publications
dc.relation.ispartof Political Studies. 2018;66(2):306-22
dc.rights Parr T, How to identify disadvantage: taking the envy test seriously, Political Studies 66(2) pp. 306-22. Copyright © 2018 SAGE Publications. DOI: 10.1177/0032321717720377.
dc.title How to identify disadvantage: taking the envy test seriously
dc.type info:eu-repo/semantics/article
dc.identifier.doi http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0032321717720377
dc.subject.keyword Ronald Dworkin
dc.subject.keyword Distributive justice
dc.subject.keyword Disadvantage
dc.rights.accessRights info:eu-repo/semantics/openAccess
dc.type.version info:eu-repo/semantics/acceptedVersion

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