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From Portugal to Poland: the Court of Justice of the European Union as watchdog of judicial independence

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dc.contributor.author Torres Pérez, Aida
dc.date.accessioned 2021-05-19T07:50:52Z
dc.date.available 2021-05-19T07:50:52Z
dc.date.issued 2020
dc.identifier.citation Torres A. From Portugal to Poland: the Court of Justice of the European Union as watchdog of judicial independence. Maastricht Journal of European and Comparative Law. 2020 Feb;27(1):105-19. DOI: 10.1177/1023263X19892185
dc.identifier.issn 1023-263X
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/10230/47602
dc.description.abstract In Associação Sindical dos Juízes Portugueses, the CJEU seized the occasion to uphold the principle of judicial independence as a primary obligation for the Member States under the second subparagraph of Article 19(1) TEU. This newly crafted interpretation of Article 19(1) has crystallized in Commission v. Poland, in which the CJEU declared that the reform of the Polish law on the Supreme Court lowering the retirement age of judges breached the obligation to respect judicial independence. The goal of this piece is to assess the bold interpretation given to the second subparagraph of Article 19(1) as a building block of the EU’s constitutional order. First, the expansion of the substantive content of Article 19(1) TEU will be analysed. How did the CJEU justify the shift from an obligation to establish a system of remedies ensuring effective judicial review to an obligation of respect for judicial independence? Second, the scope of this obligation and its potential reach will be critically examined. I will argue that Article 19(1) TEU may actually trigger the application of the Charter. Eventually, Article 19(1) TEU has the potential to become an open door for enforcing the Charter against the States regardless of its limited scope of application.
dc.description.sponsorship Financed by DER2017-84195-P.
dc.format.mimetype application/pdf
dc.language.iso eng
dc.publisher SAGE Publications
dc.relation.ispartof Maastricht Journal of European and Comparative Law. 2020 Feb;27(1):105-19. DOI: 10.1177/1023263X19892185
dc.rights Aida Torres Pérez, From Portugal to Poland: the Court of Justice of the European Union as watchdog of judicial independence, Maastricht Journal of European and Comparative Law (Volume: 27 issue: 1) pp. 105-19. Copyright © 2020 SAGE Publications. DOI: 10.1177/1023263X19892185.
dc.title From Portugal to Poland: the Court of Justice of the European Union as watchdog of judicial independence
dc.type info:eu-repo/semantics/article
dc.identifier.doi http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1023263X19892185
dc.subject.keyword Judicial independence
dc.subject.keyword Court of Justice of the European Union
dc.subject.keyword Rule of law
dc.subject.keyword Charter of Fundamental Rights of the EU
dc.subject.keyword Effective judicial protection
dc.relation.projectID info:eu-repo/grantAgreement/ES/2PE/DER2017-84195-P
dc.rights.accessRights info:eu-repo/semantics/openAccess
dc.type.version info:eu-repo/semantics/acceptedVersion

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