Welcome to the UPF Digital Repository

Hand gestures facilitate the acquisition of novel phonemic contrasts when they appropriately mimic target phonetic features

Show simple item record

dc.contributor.author Xi, Xiaotong
dc.contributor.author Li, Peng
dc.contributor.author Baills, Florence
dc.contributor.author Prieto Vives, Pilar, 1965-
dc.date.accessioned 2021-03-18T08:47:49Z
dc.date.available 2021-03-18T08:47:49Z
dc.date.issued 2020
dc.identifier.citation Xi X, Li P, Baills F, Prieto P. Hand gestures facilitate the acquisition of novel phonemic contrasts when they appropriately mimic target phonetic features. J Speech Lang Hear Res. 2020;63(11):3571-85. DOI: 10.1044/2020_JSLHR-20-00084
dc.identifier.issn 1092-4388
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/10230/46831
dc.description.abstract Purpose: Research has shown that observing hand gestures mimicking pitch movements or rhythmic patterns can improve the learning of second language (L2) suprasegmental features. However, less is known about the effects of hand gestures on the learning of novel phonemic contrasts. This study examines (a) whether hand gestures mimicking phonetic features can boost L2 segment learning by naive learners and (b) whether a mismatch between the hand gesture form and the target phonetic feature influences the learning effect. Method: Fifty Catalan native speakers undertook a short multimodal training session on two types of Mandarin Chinese consonants (plosives and affricates) in either of two conditions: Gesture and No Gesture. In the Gesture condition, a fist-to-open-hand gesture was used to mimic air burst, while the No Gesture condition included no such use of gestures. Crucially, while the hand gesture appropriately mimicked the air burst produced in plosives, this was not the case for affricates. Before and after training, participants were tested on two tasks, namely, the identification task and the imitation task. Participants' speech output was rated by five Chinese native speakers. Results: The perception results showed that training with or without gestures yielded similar degrees of improvement for the identification of aspiration contrasts. By contrast, the production results showed that, while training without gestures did not help improve L2 pronunciation, training with gestures improved pronunciation, but only when the given gestures appropriately mimicked the phonetic properties they represented. Conclusions: Results revealed that the efficacy of observing hand gestures on the learning of nonnative phonemes depends on the appropriateness of the form of those gestures relative to the target phonetic features. That is, hand gestures seem to be more useful when they appropriately mimic phonetic features.
dc.description.sponsorship This research was supported by funding from the Spanish Ministry of Science, Innovation and Universities (PGC2018-097007-B-I00) and the Generalitat de Catalunya projects (2017 SGR-971). The third author would like to acknowledge a predoctoral research grant awarded by the Department of Translation and Language Sciences, Universitat Pompeu Fabra.
dc.format.mimetype application/pdf
dc.language.iso eng
dc.publisher American Speech-Language-Hearing Association
dc.relation.ispartof Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research. 2020;63(11):3571-85
dc.rights © American Speech-Language-Hearing Association. http://dx.doi.org/10.1044/2020_JSLHR-20-00084
dc.title Hand gestures facilitate the acquisition of novel phonemic contrasts when they appropriately mimic target phonetic features
dc.type info:eu-repo/semantics/article
dc.identifier.doi http://dx.doi.org/10.1044/2020_JSLHR-20-00084
dc.subject.keyword Hand gesture
dc.subject.keyword Segment learning
dc.subject.keyword Foreign language
dc.subject.keyword Aspiration contrasts
dc.subject.keyword Speech perception
dc.subject.keyword Speech production
dc.subject.keyword Second language pronunciation
dc.relation.projectID info:eu-repo/grantAgreement/ES/2PE/PGC2018-097007-B-I00
dc.rights.accessRights info:eu-repo/semantics/openAccess
dc.type.version info:eu-repo/semantics/acceptedVersion


This item appears in the following Collection(s)

Show simple item record

Search DSpace

Advanced Search


My Account


Compliant to Partaking