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Structure and agency in life stories: how to become a gang member

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dc.contributor.author Feixa, Carles, 1962-
dc.date.accessioned 2020-07-29T09:37:09Z
dc.date.issued 2020
dc.identifier.citation Feixa C. Structure and agency in life stories: how to become a gang member. In: Nico M, Caetano A, editors. Inside out: young people at the crossroads of structure and agency. London: Routledge; [2020]. 14 p.
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/10230/45213
dc.description.abstract The text is an attempt to rethink the structure / agency dilemma from life stories, putting into practice Franco Ferrarotti's (1981) proposal to ‘read a society through a biography’. To do so, we focus on a singular account of the member of a transnational gang. The protagonist was born twice: the first, as César Andrade, in an coastal village in Ecuador in 1976; the second, as King Manaba, in a inland city of the same country in 1996, when he was crowned Latin King. After his ‘coronation’, his life went through three stages: that of the Primitive King, including his emigration to Spain in 2003; that of Conservative King, including his time in prison after 2009; and that of New King, after his liberation and rebirth as a citizen. His life stories is analyzed from three points of view: as a subaltern story; as a chronotope; as a vertical synthesis of a social history and as an horizontal synthesis of a social structure. This last interpretation allows us to read the structure, through the vertical axis of the Latin American exodus to Europe and of the post 2008 crisis, as well as the horizontal axis of the penal and media instances that criminalize the youth of the gangs. But it also allows us to read agency, the protagonist's ability to overcome and be reborn as a phoenix, transforming resistance into resilience.
dc.description.sponsorship The article is an outcome of the TRANSGANG Project: Transnational Gangs as Agents of Mediation: Experiences of conflict resolution in youth street organizations in Southern Europe, North Africa and the Americas. This project has received funding from the European Research Council (ERC) under the European Unio's HORIZON 2020 research and innovation programme under grant agreement No 74270
dc.format.mimetype application/pdf
dc.language.iso eng
dc.publisher Taylor & Francis (Routledge)
dc.relation.ispartof Nico M, Caetano A, editors. Inside out: young people at the crossroads of structure and agency. London: Routledge; [2020].
dc.rights This is an Accepted Manuscript of a book chapter published by Routledge/CRC Press in Inside out: young people at the crossroads of structure and agency on [2020], available online: http://www.routledge.com/http://www.crcpress.com/
dc.title Structure and agency in life stories: how to become a gang member
dc.type info:eu-repo/semantics/bookPart
dc.relation.projectID info:eu-repo/grantAgreement/EC/H2020/742705
dc.rights.accessRights info:eu-repo/semantics/embargoedAccess
dc.type.version info:eu-repo/semantics/acceptedVersion
dc.embargo.liftdate 2022-02-01
dc.date.embargoEnd info:eu-repo/date/embargoEnd/2022-02-01

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