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Infants’ representation of asymmetric social influence

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dc.contributor.author Bas, Jesús, 1990-
dc.contributor.author Sebastián Gallés, Núria
dc.contributor.author Csibra, Gergely
dc.contributor.author Mascaro, Olivier
dc.date.accessioned 2023-03-14T07:11:33Z
dc.date.available 2023-03-14T07:11:33Z
dc.date.issued 2023
dc.identifier.citation Bas J, Sebastian-Galles N, Csibra G, Mascaro O. Infants’ representation of asymmetric social influence. Journal of Experimental Child Psychology. 2023 Feb;226:105564. DOI: 10.1016/j.jecp.2022.105564
dc.identifier.issn 0022-0965
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/10230/56206
dc.description Includes supplementary materials for the online appendix.
dc.description.abstract In social groups, some individuals have more influence than others, for example, because they are learned from or because they coordinate collective actions. Identifying these influential individuals is crucial to learn about one’s social environment. Here, we tested whether infants represent asymmetric social influence among individuals from observing the imitation of movements in the absence of any observable coercion or order. We defined social influence in terms of Granger causality; that is, if A influences B, then past behaviors of A contain information that predicts the behaviors and mental states of B above and beyond the information contained in the past behaviors and mental states of B alone. Infants (12-, 15-, and 18-month-olds) were familiarized with agents (imitators) influenced by the actions of another one (target). During the test, the infants observed either an imitator who was no longer influenced by the target (incongruent test) or the target who was not influenced by an imitator (neutral test). The participants looked significantly longer at the incongruent test than at the neutral test. This result shows that infants represent and generalize individuals’ potential to influence others’ actions and that they are sensitive to the asymmetric nature of social influence; upon learning that A influences B, they expect that the influence of A over B will remain stronger than the influence of B over A in a novel context. Because of the pervasiveness of social influence in many social interactions and relationships, its representation during infancy is fundamental to understand and predict others’ behaviors.
dc.description.sponsorship We thank Cinta Bertomeu for working as a primary coder, Marc Colomer for his suggestions on improving the manuscript, and all families and infants who participated in the study. J. Bas was supported by: a pre-doctoral grant from the Spanish Ministerio de Economía y Competitividad BES-2013-063649 and a post-doctoral grant from Fyssen Foundation. N. Sebastian-Galles was supported by: LESOLA Project PID2021-123416NB-I00 financed by MCIN/ AEI / 10.13039/501100011033 / FEDER, UE; CECH Project, number 001-P-001682, cofunded by the European Regional Development Fund of the European Union (Programa Operatiu FEDER Catalunya 2014-2020) with the support of the Catalan Government; Research support official Id. P-5993 ICREA Acadèmia 2018 Award financed by ICREA; Research group support 2017 SGR 268 financed by AGAUR. G. Csibra was supported by: ERC Advanced Investigator Grant #742231 (PARTNERS). O. Mascaro was supported by: the French « Agence Nationale pour la Recherche » FoundTrust (ANR21-CE28-0017-01).
dc.format.mimetype application/pdf
dc.language.iso eng
dc.publisher Elsevier
dc.relation.ispartof Journal of Experimental Child Psychology. 2023 Feb;226:105564
dc.rights © 2022 The Authors. Published by Elsevier Inc. This is an open access article under the CC BY license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/).
dc.rights.uri http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/
dc.title Infants’ representation of asymmetric social influence
dc.type info:eu-repo/semantics/article
dc.identifier.doi http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jecp.2022.105564
dc.subject.keyword Social influence
dc.subject.keyword Granger causality
dc.subject.keyword Social relationships
dc.subject.keyword Imitation
dc.subject.keyword Model-learner relationship
dc.subject.keyword Leader-follower relationship
dc.relation.projectID info:eu-repo/grantAgreement/EC/H2020/742231
dc.relation.projectID info:eu-repo/grantAgreement/ES/3PE/PID2021-123416NB-I00
dc.relation.projectID info:eu-repo/grantAgreement/ES/1PE/BES2013-063649
dc.rights.accessRights info:eu-repo/semantics/openAccess
dc.type.version info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion


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