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Building blocks of mathematical learning: virtual and tangible manipulatives lead to different strategies in number composition

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dc.contributor.author Pires, Ana Cristina
dc.contributor.author González Perilli, Fernando
dc.contributor.author Bakała, Ewelina
dc.contributor.author Fleisher, Bruno
dc.contributor.author Sansone, Gustavo
dc.contributor.author Marichal Baráibar, Sebastián
dc.date.accessioned 2023-01-23T07:27:09Z
dc.date.available 2023-01-23T07:27:09Z
dc.date.issued 2019
dc.identifier.citation Pires AC, González F, Bakała E, Fleisher B, Sansone G, Marichal S. Building blocks of mathematical learning: virtual and tangible manipulatives lead to different strategies in number composition. Front Educ. 2019 Sep 06;4:81. DOI: 10.3389/feduc.2019.00081
dc.identifier.issn 2504-284X
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/10230/55366
dc.description.abstract Multiple kinds of manipulatives, such as traditional, virtual, or technology-enhanced tangible objects, can be used in primary education to support the acquisition of mathematical concepts. They enable playful experiences and help children understand abstract concepts, but their connection with cognitive development is not totally clear. It is also not clear how virtual and physical materials influence the development of different strategies for solving instructional tasks. To shed light on these issues, we conducted a 13-day intervention with 64 children from first grade, divided into three groups: Virtual Interaction (VI), Tangible Interaction (TI), and Control Group (CO). The VI group played a fully digital version of a mathematics video game and the manipulation of the blocks took place on the tablet screen. The TI group played the same video game with digitally augmented tangible manipulatives. Finally, the CO group continued with their classroom curricular activities while we conducted the training, and only participated in the Pre and Post-Test evaluations. Our results highlighted that the use of tangible manipulatives led to a positive impact in children's mathematical abilities. Of most interest, we recorded children's actions during all the training activities, which allowed us to achieve a refined analysis of participants' operations while solving a number composition task. We explored the differences between the use of virtual and tangible manipulatives and the strategies employed. We observed that the TI group opted for a greater number of blocks in the number composition task, whereas the VI group favored solutions requiring fewer blocks. Interestingly, those children whose improvement in mathematics were greater were the ones employing a greater number of blocks. Our results suggest that tangible interactive material increases action possibilities and may also contribute to a deeper understanding of core mathematical concepts.
dc.format.mimetype application/pdf
dc.language.iso eng
dc.publisher Frontiers
dc.relation.ispartof Frontiers in Education. 2019 Sep 06;4:81
dc.rights © 2019 Pires, González Perilli, Bakała, Fleisher, Sansone and Marichal. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY). The use, distribution or reproduction in other forums is permitted, provided the original author(s) and the copyright owner(s) are credited and that the original publication in this journal is cited, in accordance with accepted academic practice. No use, distribution or reproduction is permitted which does not comply with these terms.
dc.rights.uri http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/
dc.title Building blocks of mathematical learning: virtual and tangible manipulatives lead to different strategies in number composition
dc.type info:eu-repo/semantics/article
dc.identifier.doi http://dx.doi.org/10.3389/feduc.2019.00081
dc.subject.keyword Digital manipulatives
dc.subject.keyword Tangible manipulatives
dc.subject.keyword Technology-enhanced learning activities
dc.subject.keyword Mathematics
dc.subject.keyword Additive composition
dc.rights.accessRights info:eu-repo/semantics/openAccess
dc.type.version info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion

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