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Ketamine disrupts naturalistic coding of working memory in primate lateral prefrontal cortex networks

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dc.contributor.author Roussy, Megan
dc.contributor.author Luna, Rogelio
dc.contributor.author Duong, Lyndon
dc.contributor.author Corrigan, Benjamin
dc.contributor.author Gulli, Roberto A.
dc.contributor.author Nogueira Mañas, Ramon
dc.contributor.author Moreno Bote, Rubén
dc.contributor.author Sachs, Adam J.
dc.contributor.author Palaniyappan, Lena
dc.contributor.author Martínez Trujillo, Julio C.
dc.date.accessioned 2021-05-31T07:41:25Z
dc.date.available 2021-05-31T07:41:25Z
dc.date.issued 2021
dc.identifier.citation Roussy M, Luna R, Duong L, Corrigan B, Gulli RA, Nogueira R, Moreno-Bote R, Sachs AJ, Palaniyappan L, Martinez-Trujillo JC. Ketamine disrupts naturalistic coding of working memory in primate lateral prefrontal cortex networks. Mol Psychiatry. 2021;26:6688-703. DOI: 10.1038/s41380-021-01082-5
dc.identifier.issn 1359-4184
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/10230/47694
dc.description.abstract Ketamine is a dissociative anesthetic drug, which has more recently emerged as a rapid-acting antidepressant. When acutely administered at subanesthetic doses, ketamine causes cognitive deficits like those observed in patients with schizophrenia, including impaired working memory. Although these effects have been linked to ketamine’s action as an N-methyl-D-aspartate receptor antagonist, it is unclear how synaptic alterations translate into changes in brain microcircuit function that ultimately influence cognition. Here, we administered ketamine to rhesus monkeys during a spatial working memory task set in a naturalistic virtual environment. Ketamine induced transient working memory deficits while sparing perceptual and motor skills. Working memory deficits were accompanied by decreased responses of fast spiking inhibitory interneurons and increased responses of broad spiking excitatory neurons in the lateral prefrontal cortex. This translated into a decrease in neuronal tuning and information encoded by neuronal populations about remembered locations. Our results demonstrate that ketamine differentially affects neuronal types in the neocortex; thus, it perturbs the excitation inhibition balance within prefrontal microcircuits and ultimately leads to selective working memory deficits.
dc.description.sponsorship We thank registered veterinary technicians Kim Thomaes and Rhonda Kersten from the University of Western Ontario for their assistance in surgery and animal care; Guillaume Doucet from the University of Ottawa for technical assistance related to Unreal Development Kit; Maryam Nouri Kadijani from the University of Western Ontario for assisting with initial data exploration; Kevin Barker from Neuronitek for engineering equipment for our experiments; Jonathan C. Lau from the Division of Neurosurgery, University Hospital for providing advice regarding surgery and surgical planning; Matthew Leavitt, AI Resident at Facebook for access to MATLAB code related to polynomial plane fitting and advice on electrophysiological analysis. This work was supported by Canadian Institute of Health Research Project Grant; Natural Sciences and Engineering Research Council of Canada (NSERC); Ontario Graduate Scholarship; Jonathan & Joshua Memorial Graduate Scholarship in Mental Health Research. Chrysalis Foundation (London, Ontario). LP acknowledges salary support from the Tanna Schulich Endowment Chair for Neuroscience and Mental Health. RMB acknowledges support from MINECO (Spain; BFU2017-85936-P), the Howard Hughes Medical Institute (HHMI, ref 55008742), and the ICREA Academia (2016).
dc.format.mimetype application/pdf
dc.language.iso eng
dc.publisher Nature Research
dc.relation.ispartof Molecular Psychiatry. 2021
dc.relation.ispartof Molecular Psychiatry. 2021;26:6688-703.
dc.rights This article is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License, which permits use, sharing, adaptation, distribution and reproduction in any medium or format, as long as you give appropriate credit to the original author(s) and the source, provide a link to the Creative Commons license, and indicate if changes were made. The images or other third party material in this article are included in the article’s Creative Commons license, unless indicated otherwise in a credit line to the material. If material is not included in the article’s Creative Commons license and your intended use is not permitted by statutory regulation or exceeds the permitted use, you will need to obtain permission directly from the copyright holder. To view a copy of this license, visit http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/.
dc.rights.uri http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/
dc.title Ketamine disrupts naturalistic coding of working memory in primate lateral prefrontal cortex networks
dc.type info:eu-repo/semantics/article
dc.identifier.doi http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/s41380-021-01082-5
dc.relation.projectID info:eu-repo/grantAgreement/ES/2PE/BFU2017-85936-P
dc.rights.accessRights info:eu-repo/semantics/openAccess
dc.type.version info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion

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