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Persistence with dual antiplatelet therapy after percutaneous coronary intervention for ST-segment elevation acute coronary syndrome: a population-based cohort study in Catalonia (Spain)

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dc.contributor.author Ribera, Aida
dc.contributor.author Tizón-Marcos, Helena
dc.contributor.author Garcia Dorado, David
dc.contributor.author VESA Study
dc.contributor.author Codi IAM Investigators
dc.date.accessioned 2019-11-18T08:31:26Z
dc.date.available 2019-11-18T08:31:26Z
dc.date.issued 2019
dc.identifier.citation Ribera A, Ferreira-Gonzalez I, Marsal JR1 Oristrell G, Faixedas MT, Rosas A. et al. Persistence with dual antiplatelet therapy after percutaneous coronary intervention for ST-segment elevation acute coronary syndrome: a population-based cohort study in Catalonia (Spain). BMJ Open. 2019 Jul 23;9(7):e028114. DOI 10.1136/bmjopen-2018-028114
dc.identifier.issn 2044-6055
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/10230/42874
dc.description.abstract OBJECTIVES: Guidelines recommending 12-month dual antiplatelet therapy (DAPT) in patients with ST-elevation acute coronary syndrome (STEACS) undergoing percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) were published in year 2012. We aimed to describe the influence of guideline implementation on the trend in 12-month persistence with DAPT between 2010 and 2015 and to evaluate its relationship with DAPT duration regimens recommended at discharge from PCI hospitals. DESIGN: Observational study based on region-wide registry data linked to pharmacy billing data for DAPT follow-up. SETTING: All PCI hospitals (10) belonging to the acute myocardial infarction (AMI) code network in Catalonia (Spain). PARTICIPANTS: 10 711 STEACS patients undergoing PCI between 2010 and 2015 were followed up. PRIMARY AND SECONDARY OUTCOME MEASURES: Primary outcome was 12-month persistence with DAPT. Calendar year quarter, publication of guidelines, DAPT duration regimen recommended in the hospital discharge report, baseline patient characteristics and significant interactions were included in mixed-effects logistic regression based interrupted time-series models. RESULTS: The proportion of patients on-DAPT at 12 months increased from 58% (56-60) in 2010 to 73% (71-75) in 2015. The rate of 12-month persistence with DAPT significantly increased after the publication of clinical guidelines with a time lag of 1 year (OR=1.20; 95% CI 1.11 to 1.30). A higher risk profile, more extensive and complex coronary disease, use of drug-eluting stents (OR=1.90; 95% CI 1.50 to 2.40) and a 12-month DAPT regimen recommendation at discharge from the PCI hospital (OR=5.76; 95% CI 3.26 to 10.2) were associated with 12-month persistence. CONCLUSION: Persistence with 12-month DAPT has increased since publication of clinical guidelines. Even though most patients were discharged on DAPT, only 73% with potential indication were on-DAPT 12 months after PCI. A guideline-based recommendation at PCI hospital discharge was highly associated with full persistence with DAPT. Establishing evidence-based, common prescribing criteria across hospitals in the AMI-network would favour adherence and reduce variability.
dc.format.mimetype application/pdf
dc.language.iso eng
dc.publisher BMJ Publishing Group
dc.rights Copyright © Author(s) (or their employer(s)) 2019. Re-use permitted under CC BY-NC. No commercial re-use. See rights and permissions. Published by BMJ. This is an open access article distributed in accordance with the Creative Commons Attribution Non Commercial (CC BY-NC 4.0) license, which permits others to distribute, remix, adapt, build upon this work non-commercially, and license their derivative works on different terms, provided the original work is properly cited, appropriate credit is given, any changes made indicated, and the use is non-commercial. See: http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/.
dc.rights.uri http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/
dc.title Persistence with dual antiplatelet therapy after percutaneous coronary intervention for ST-segment elevation acute coronary syndrome: a population-based cohort study in Catalonia (Spain)
dc.type info:eu-repo/semantics/article
dc.identifier.doi http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/bmjopen-2018-028114
dc.subject.keyword ST-elevation myocardial infarction
dc.subject.keyword Dual antiplatelet therapy
dc.subject.keyword Percutaneous coronary intervention
dc.subject.keyword Persistence with treatment
dc.rights.accessRights info:eu-repo/semantics/openAccess
dc.type.version info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion

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