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Don’t blame distributional semantics if it can’t do entailment

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dc.contributor.author Westera, Matthijs
dc.contributor.other Boleda, Gemma
dc.date.accessioned 2019-07-04T08:55:46Z
dc.date.available 2019-07-04T08:55:46Z
dc.date.issued 2019
dc.identifier.citation Westera M, Boleda G. Don’t blame distributional semantics if it can’t do entailment. In: Proceedings of the 13th International Conference on Computational Semantics - Long Papers (IWCS 2019); 2019 May 23-27; Gothenburg, Sweden. Stroudsburg (PA): ACL; 2019. p. 120-33.
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/10230/41935
dc.description Comunicació presentada al 13th International Conference on Computational Semantics (IWCS 2019), celebrat els dies 23 a 27 de maig de 2019 a Göteborg, Suècia.
dc.description.abstract Distributional semantics has had enormous empirical success in Computational Linguistics and Cognitive Science in modeling various semantic phenomena, such as semantic similarity, and distributional models are widely used in state-of-the-art Natural Language Processing systems. However, the theoretical status of distributional semantics within a broader theory of language and cognition is still unclear: What does distributional semantics model? Can it be, on its own, a fully adequate model of the meanings of linguistic expressions? The standard answer is that distributional semantics is not fully adequate in this regard, because it falls short on some of the central aspects of formal semantic approaches: truth conditions, entailment, reference, and certain aspects of compositionality. We argue that this standard answer rests on a misconception: These aspects do not belong in a theory of expression meaning, they are instead aspects of speaker meaning, i.e., communicative intentions in a particular context. In a slogan: words do not refer, speakers do. Clearing this up enables us to argue that distributional semantics on its own is an adequate model of expression meaning. Our proposal sheds light on the role of distributional semantics in a broader theory of language and cognition, its relationship to formal semantics, and its place in computational models.
dc.description.sponsorship This project has received funding from the European Research Council (ERC) under the European Union’s Horizon 2020 research and innovation programme (grant agreement No 715154), and from the Spanish Ramón y Cajal programme (grant RYC-2015-18907).
dc.format.mimetype application/pdf
dc.language.iso eng
dc.publisher ACL (Association for Computational Linguistics)
dc.relation.ispartof Proceedings of the 13th International Conference on Computational Semantics - Long Papers (IWCS 2019); 2019 May 23-27; Gothenburg, Sweden. Stroudsburg (PA): ACL; 2019. p. 120-33.
dc.rights © ACL, Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License
dc.rights.uri https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/
dc.title Don’t blame distributional semantics if it can’t do entailment
dc.type info:eu-repo/semantics/conferenceObject
dc.subject.keyword Distributional semantics
dc.subject.keyword Expression meaning
dc.subject.keyword Formal semantics
dc.subject.keyword Speaker meaning
dc.subject.keyword Truth conditions
dc.subject.keyword Entailment
dc.subject.keyword Reference
dc.subject.keyword Compositionality
dc.subject.keyword Context
dc.relation.projectID info:eu-repo/grantAgreement/EC/H2020/715154
dc.rights.accessRights info:eu-repo/semantics/openAccess
dc.type.version info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion


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