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Gender influence on the adaptation of atrial performance to training

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dc.contributor.author Sanchis, Laura
dc.contributor.author Sanz de la Garza, Maria
dc.contributor.author Bijnens, Bart
dc.contributor.author Giraldeau, Geneviève
dc.contributor.author Grazioli, Gonzalo
dc.contributor.author Marin, Josefa
dc.contributor.author Gabrielli, Luigi
dc.contributor.author Montserrat, Silvia
dc.contributor.author Sitges, Marta
dc.date.accessioned 2019-03-28T11:07:48Z
dc.date.available 2019-03-28T11:07:48Z
dc.date.issued 2017
dc.identifier.citation Sanchis L, Sanz de la Garza M, Bijnens B, Giraldeau G, Grazioli G, Marin J, et al. Gender influence on the adaptation of atrial performance to training. Eur J Sport Sci. 2017;17(6):720-6. DOI: 10.1080/17461391.2017.1294620
dc.identifier.issn 1746-1391
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/10230/37004
dc.description.abstract Background: High-intensity training has been associated with atrial remodelling and arrhythmias in men. Our purpose was to analyse atrial performance in female endurance athletes, compared to male athletes and controls. Methods: This was a cross-sectional study. We included four groups: female athletes, females controls, male athletes and male controls. Left (LA) and right atrial (RA) volumes and function were assessed using 2D and speckle-tracking echocardiography to determine peak atrial strain-rate at atrial (SRa) and ventricular contraction (SRs), as surrogates of atrial contractile and reservoir function, respectively. ANOVA and Bonferroni’s statistical tests were used to compare variables among groups. Results: We included 82 subjects, 39 women (19 endurance athletes, 20 controls) and 43 men (22 endurance athletes, 21 controls). Mean age was similar between groups (36.6 ± 5.6 years). Athletes had larger bi-atrial volumes, compared to controls (women, LA 27.1 vs. 15.8 ml/m2, p < 0.001; RA 22.31 vs. 14.2 ml/m2, p = 0.009; men, LA: 25.0 vs. 18.5 ml/m2, p = 0.003; RA 30.8 vs. 21.9 ml/m2, p < 0.001) and lower strain-rate (women, LASRa −1.60 vs. −2.18 s−1, p < 0.001; RASRa −1.89 vs. −2.38 s−1, p = 0.009; men, LASRa −1.21 vs. −1.44 s−1, p = 1; RASRa −1.44 vs. −1.60 s−1, p = 1). However, RA indexed size was lower and bi-atrial deformation greater in female athletes, compared to male athletes. Conclusions: The atria of both male and female athletes shows specific remodelling, compared to sedentary subjects, with larger size and less deformation at rest, particularly for the RA. Despite a similar extent of remodelling, the pattern in women had greater bi-atrial myocardial deformation and smaller RA size.
dc.description.sponsorship This work was partially funded by grants from the Generalitat de Catalunya (FI-AGAUR 2014–2017 (RH 040991, M. Sanz)), and from the Spanish Government (Plan Nacional I+D, Ministerio de Economía y Competitividad DEP2013-44923-P; TIN2014-52923-R and FEDER).
dc.format.mimetype application/pdf
dc.language.iso eng
dc.publisher Taylor & Francis
dc.relation.ispartof European Journal of Sport Science. 2017;17(6):720-6.
dc.rights © This is an Accepted Manuscript of an article published by Taylor & Francis in European Journal of Sport Science on 13 Mar 2017, available online: http://www.tandfonline.com/10.1080/17461391.2017.1294620
dc.title Gender influence on the adaptation of atrial performance to training
dc.type info:eu-repo/semantics/article
dc.identifier.doi https://dx.doi.org/10.1080/17461391.2017.1294620
dc.subject.keyword Atrial strain
dc.subject.keyword Atrial fibrillation
dc.subject.keyword Endurance exercise
dc.subject.keyword Women
dc.subject.keyword Speckle-tracking echocardiography
dc.relation.projectID info:eu-repo/grantAgreement/ES/1PE/DEP2013-44923-P
dc.relation.projectID info:eu-repo/grantAgreement/ES/1PE/TIN2014-52923-R
dc.rights.accessRights info:eu-repo/semantics/openAccess
dc.type.version info:eu-repo/semantics/acceptedVersion

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