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Characterisation of exposure to non-ionising electromagnetic fields in the Spanish INMA birth cohort: study protocol

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dc.contributor.author Gallastegui, Mara
dc.contributor.author Guxens Junyent, Mònica
dc.contributor.author Jiménez-Zabala, Ana
dc.contributor.author Calvente, Irene
dc.contributor.author Fernández, Marta
dc.contributor.author Birks, Laura Ellen, 1983-
dc.contributor.author Struchen, Benjamin
dc.contributor.author Vrijheid, Martine
dc.contributor.author Estarlich, Marisa
dc.contributor.author Fernandez, Mariana F.
dc.contributor.author Torrent Quetglas, Maties
dc.contributor.author Ballester Díez, Ferran
dc.contributor.author Aurrekoetxea, Juan José
dc.contributor.author Ibarluzea, Jesús
dc.contributor.author Guerra, David
dc.contributor.author González, Julián
dc.contributor.author Röösli, Martin
dc.contributor.author Santa Marina, Loreto
dc.date.accessioned 2016-11-29T12:29:56Z
dc.date.available 2016-11-29T12:29:56Z
dc.date.issued 2016
dc.identifier.citation Gallastegi M, Guxens Junyent M, Jiménez-Zabala A, Calvente I, Fernández M, Birks L, Struchen B, Vrijheid M, Estarlich M, Fernández MF, Torrent Quetglas M, Ballester Díez F, Aurrekoetxea JJ, Ibarluzea J, Guerra D, González J, Röösli M, Santa Marina L. Characterisation of exposure to non-ionising electromagnetic fields in the Spanish INMA birth cohort: study protocol. BMC Public Health. 2016; 16(1):167. DOI: 10.1186/s12889-016-2825-3
dc.identifier.issn 1471-2458
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/10230/27629
dc.description.abstract Background: Analysis of the association between exposure to electromagnetic fields of non-ionising radiation (EMF-NIR) and health in children and adolescents is hindered by the limited availability of data, mainly due to the difficulties on the exposure assessment. This study protocol describes the methodologies used for characterising exposure of children to EMF-NIR in the INMA (INfancia y Medio Ambiente- Environment and Childhood) Project, a prospective cohort study. Methods/Design: Indirect (proximity to emission sources, questionnaires on sources use and geospatial propagation models) and direct methods (spot and fixed longer-term measurements and personal measurements) were conducted in order to assess exposure levels of study participants aged between 7 and 18 years old. The methodology used varies depending on the frequency of the EMF-NIR and the environment (homes, schools and parks). Questionnaires assessed the use of sources contributing both to Extremely Low Frequency (ELF) and Radiofrequency (RF) exposure levels. Geospatial propagation models (NISMap) are implemented and validated for environmental outdoor sources of RFs using spot measurements. Spot and fixed longer-term ELF and RF measurements were done in the environments where children spend most of the time. Moreover, personal measurements were taken in order to assess individual exposure to RF. The exposure data are used to explore their relationships with proximity and/or use of EMF-NIR sources. Discussion: Characterisation of the EMF-NIR exposure by this combination of methods is intended to overcome problems encountered in other research. The assessment of exposure of INMA cohort children and adolescents living in different regions of Spain to the full frequency range of EMF-NIR extends the characterisation of environmental exposures in this cohort. Together with other data obtained in the project, on socioeconomic and family characteristics and development of the children and adolescents, this will enable to evaluate the complex interaction between health outcomes in children and adolescents and the various environmental factors that surround them.
dc.description.sponsorship This study was funded by grants from the Spanish Instituto de Salud Carlos III Health Institute (PI13/02187 incl. FEDER funds, CP13/00054 incl. FEDER funds, MS13/00054), the councils of the study region of Gipuzkoa and the EU Commission (603794).
dc.format.mimetype application/pdf
dc.language.iso eng
dc.publisher BioMed Central
dc.relation.ispartof BMC Public Health. 2016; 16(1):167
dc.rights © 2016 Gallastegi et al. Open Access. This article is distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided you give appropriate credit to the original author(s) and the source, provide a link to the Creative Commons license, and indicate if changes were made.
dc.rights.uri http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/
dc.title Characterisation of exposure to non-ionising electromagnetic fields in the Spanish INMA birth cohort: study protocol
dc.type info:eu-repo/semantics/article
dc.identifier.doi http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12889-016-2825-3
dc.subject.keyword Electromagnetic fields
dc.subject.keyword Radiofrequency
dc.subject.keyword Extremely low frequency
dc.subject.keyword Magnetic fields
dc.subject.keyword Child
dc.subject.keyword Adolescent
dc.subject.keyword Birth cohort
dc.subject.keyword Exposure assessment
dc.subject.keyword Environmental exposure
dc.relation.projectID info:eu-repo/grantAgreement/EC/FP7/603794
dc.rights.accessRights info:eu-repo/semantics/openAccess
dc.type.version info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion


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