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Neural substrates of cognitive impairment in a NMDAR hypofunction mouse model of schizophrenia and partial rescue by risperidone

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dc.contributor.author Delgado-Sallent, Cristina
dc.contributor.author Gener, Thomas
dc.contributor.author Nebot Forcada, Pau
dc.contributor.author López-Cabezón, Cristina
dc.contributor.author Puig, M. Victoria
dc.date.accessioned 2023-09-18T06:24:31Z
dc.date.available 2023-09-18T06:24:31Z
dc.date.issued 2023
dc.identifier.citation Delgado-Sallent C, Gener T, Nebot P, López-Cabezón C, Puig MV. Neural substrates of cognitive impairment in a NMDAR hypofunction mouse model of schizophrenia and partial rescue by risperidone. Front Cell Neurosci. 2023;17:1152248. DOI: 10.3389/fncel.2023.1152248
dc.identifier.issn 1662-5102
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/10230/57901
dc.description.abstract N-methyl D-aspartate receptor (NMDAR) hypofunction is a pathophysiological mechanism relevant for schizophrenia. Acute administration of the NMDAR antagonist phencyclidine (PCP) induces psychosis in patients and animals while subchronic PCP (sPCP) produces cognitive dysfunction for weeks. We investigated the neural correlates of memory and auditory impairments in mice treated with sPCP and the rescuing abilities of the atypical antipsychotic drug risperidone administered daily for two weeks. We recorded neural activities in the medial prefrontal cortex (mPFC) and the dorsal hippocampus (dHPC) during memory acquisition, short-term, and long-term memory in the novel object recognition test and during auditory processing and mismatch negativity (MMN) and examined the effects of sPCP and sPCP followed by risperidone. We found that the information about the familiar object and its short-term storage were associated with mPFC→dHPC high gamma connectivity (phase slope index) whereas long-term memory retrieval depended on dHPC→mPFC theta connectivity. sPCP impaired short-term and long-term memories, which were associated with increased theta power in the mPFC, decreased gamma power and theta-gamma coupling in the dHPC, and disrupted mPFC-dHPC connectivity. Risperidone rescued the memory deficits and partly restored hippocampal desynchronization but did not ameliorate mPFC and circuit connectivity alterations. sPCP also impaired auditory processing and its neural correlates (evoked potentials and MMN) in the mPFC, which were also partly rescued by risperidone. Our study suggests that the mPFC and the dHPC disconnect during NMDAR hypofunction, possibly underlying cognitive impairment in schizophrenia, and that risperidone targets this circuit to ameliorate cognitive abilities in patients.
dc.description.sponsorship This study was financed by grants SAF2016-80726-R and PID2019-104683RB-I00 to MVP funded by MCIN/AEI/10.13039/501100011033 and by ERDF “A way of making Europe”. CD-S was supported by a FI AGAUR predoctoral fellowship from the Catalan Government (Generalitat de Catalunya grant number 2018 FI_B_00112).
dc.format.mimetype application/pdf
dc.language.iso eng
dc.publisher Frontiers
dc.relation.ispartof Front Cell Neurosci. 2023;17:1152248
dc.rights © 2023 Delgado-Sallent, Gener, Nebot, López-Cabezón and Puig. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY). The use, distribution or reproduction in other forums is permitted, provided the original author(s) and the copyright owner(s) are credited and that the original publication in this journal is cited, in accordance with accepted academic practice. No use, distribution or reproduction is permitted which does not comply with these terms.
dc.rights.uri http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/
dc.title Neural substrates of cognitive impairment in a NMDAR hypofunction mouse model of schizophrenia and partial rescue by risperidone
dc.type info:eu-repo/semantics/article
dc.identifier.doi http://dx.doi.org/10.3389/fncel.2023.1152248
dc.subject.keyword Atypical antipsychotic drugs
dc.subject.keyword Auditory evoked potentials
dc.subject.keyword Hippocampus
dc.subject.keyword Neural synchrony
dc.subject.keyword Novel object recognition
dc.subject.keyword Phencyclidine
dc.subject.keyword Prefrontal cortex
dc.subject.keyword Theta and gamma oscillations
dc.relation.projectID info:eu-repo/grantAgreement/ES/2PE/PID2019-104683RB-I00
dc.relation.projectID info:eu-repo/grantAgreement/ES/1PE/SAF2016-80726-R
dc.rights.accessRights info:eu-repo/semantics/openAccess
dc.type.version info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion


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