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Suicidal ideation amongst university students during the COVID-19 pandemic. Time trends and risk factors

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dc.contributor.author Jones, Laura B.
dc.contributor.author Vereschagin, Melissa
dc.contributor.author Wang, Angel Y.
dc.contributor.author Munthali, Richard J.
dc.contributor.author Pei, Julia
dc.contributor.author Richardson, Chris G.
dc.contributor.author Halli, Priyanka
dc.contributor.author Xie, Hui
dc.contributor.author Rush, Brian
dc.contributor.author Yatham, Lakshmi
dc.contributor.author Gadermann, Anne M.
dc.contributor.author Pendakur, Krishna
dc.contributor.author Prescivalli, Ana Paula
dc.contributor.author Munro, Lonna
dc.contributor.author Bruffaerts, Ronny
dc.contributor.author Auerbach, Randy P.
dc.contributor.author Mortier, Philippe
dc.contributor.author Vigo, Daniel V.
dc.date.accessioned 2023-02-28T07:36:51Z
dc.date.available 2023-02-28T07:36:51Z
dc.date.issued 2022
dc.identifier.citation Jones LB, Vereschagin M, Wang AY, Munthali RJ, Pei J, Richardson CG, et al. Suicidal ideation amongst university students during the COVID-19 pandemic. Time trends and risk factors. Can J Psychiatry. 2022 Dec 6: 7067437221140375. DOI: 10.1177/07067437221140375
dc.identifier.issn 0706-7437
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/10230/55949
dc.description [AHEAD] Data de publicació electrónica: 06-12-2022
dc.description.abstract Objective: examine time trends in suicidal ideation in post-secondary students over the first three waves of the COVID-19 pandemic in Canada and identify subpopulations of students with increased risk. Method: we analysed 14 months of data collected through repeated cross-sectional deployment of the World Health Organization (WHO) World Mental Health-International College Student (WMH-ICS) survey at the University of British Columbia. Estimated log odds weekly trends of 30-day suicidal ideation (yes/no) were plotted against time with adjustments for demographics using binary logistic generalized additive model (GAM). Risk factors for 30-day suicidal ideation frequency (four categories) were examined using the ordered logistic GAM, with a cubic smoothing spline for modelling time trend in obervation weeks and accounting for demographics. Results: nearly one-fifth (18.9%) of students experienced suicidal ideation in the previous 30 days. While the estimated log odds suggested that binary suicidal ideation was relatively stable across the course of the pandemic, an initial drop followed by an increasing trend was observed. Risk factors for suicidal ideation frequency during the pandemic included identifying as Chinese or as another non-Indigenous ethnic minority; experiencing current symptoms of depression or anxiety; having a history of suicidal planning or attempts; and feeling overwhelmed but unable to get help as a result of COVID-19. Older age was identified as a protective factor. Conclusions: the general university student population in our study was relatively resilient with respect to suicidal ideation during the first three waves of the pandemic, but trends indicate the possibility of delayed impact. Specific sub-populations were found to be at increased risk and should be considered for targeted support. Further analyses should be undertaken to continue monitoring suicidality trends throughout the remainder of the pandemic and beyond.
dc.format.mimetype application/pdf
dc.language.iso eng
dc.publisher SAGE Publications
dc.rights Copyright © Jones LB, Vereschagin M, Wang AY, Munthali RJ, Pei J, Richardson CG, et al. 2022. This article is distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 License (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/) which permits non-commercial use, reproduction and distribution of the work without further permission provided the original work is attributed as specified on the SAGE and Open Access page (https://us.sagepub.com/en-us/nam/open-access-at-sage).
dc.rights.uri http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/
dc.title Suicidal ideation amongst university students during the COVID-19 pandemic. Time trends and risk factors
dc.type info:eu-repo/semantics/article
dc.identifier.doi http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/07067437221140375
dc.subject.keyword COVID-19
dc.subject.keyword Mental health
dc.subject.keyword Pandemic
dc.subject.keyword Student
dc.subject.keyword Suicidal ideation
dc.rights.accessRights info:eu-repo/semantics/openAccess
dc.type.version info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion

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