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Association between precarious employment and chronic stress: Effect of gender, stress measurement and precariousness dimensions-A cross-sectional study

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dc.contributor.author Julià, Mireia
dc.contributor.author Méndez-Rivero, Fabrizio
dc.contributor.author Gómez-Gómez, Àlex
dc.contributor.author Pozo Mendoza, Óscar J., 1975-
dc.contributor.author Bolíbar, Mireia
dc.date.accessioned 2023-01-30T07:47:46Z
dc.date.available 2023-01-30T07:47:46Z
dc.date.issued 2022
dc.identifier.citation Julià M, Méndez-Rivero F, Gómez-Gómez Á, Pozo ÓJ, Bolíbar M. Association between precarious employment and chronic stress: Effect of gender, stress measurement and precariousness dimensions-A cross-sectional study. Int J Environ Res Public Health. 2022 Jul 26;19(15):9099. DOI: 10.3390/ijerph19159099
dc.identifier.issn 1661-7827
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/10230/55474
dc.description.abstract Precarious employment has been highlighted as a social determinant of health, given, among others, to its alleged association with chronic stress. However, few studies have been conducted analyzing such association, using both perceived stress indicators and biological markers. Accordingly, the present study analyzed the association of multidimensional (6 dimensions) precarious employment scale with perceived stress and 23 markers of adrenal and gonadal hormone production, including cortisol. The sample consisted of 255 salaried workers from Barcelona (125 men, 130 women) aged 25-60. OLS regression models stratified by sex were conducted. Results demonstrated that precarious employment increased the probabilities of having perceived stress in both sexes. In addition, the production of adrenal hormones among men is associated with precarious wages and among women with precarious contracts ("Temporariness", "Disempowerment", and "Rights" dimensions). Therefore, precarious employment could be embodied by workers, altering their perceived well-being and physiological characteristics. Differences between men and women in the physiological effect of precarious employment could express not just the biochemical differences inherent to biological sex, but also the social construction of gender identities, positions and roles in society and family, as well as gender inequalities in the labour market.
dc.description.sponsorship This research was funded by the Spanish Ministry of Science and Innovation under grant agreement N° CSO2017-89719-R (AEI/FEDER, UE). FMR is funded by National Research and Innovation Agency (ANII) of Uruguay under the code POS_EXT_2018_1_153741.
dc.format.mimetype application/pdf
dc.language.iso eng
dc.publisher MDPI
dc.relation.ispartof Int J Environ Res Public Health. 2022 Jul 26;19(15):9099
dc.rights © 2022 by the authors. Licensee MDPI, Basel, Switzerland. This article is an open access article distributed under the terms and conditions of the Creative Commons Attribution (CC BY) license (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/).
dc.rights.uri https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/
dc.title Association between precarious employment and chronic stress: Effect of gender, stress measurement and precariousness dimensions-A cross-sectional study
dc.type info:eu-repo/semantics/article
dc.identifier.doi http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/ijerph19159099
dc.subject.keyword Chronic stress
dc.subject.keyword Cortisol
dc.subject.keyword Gender
dc.subject.keyword Precarious employment
dc.subject.keyword Social determinants of health
dc.relation.projectID info:eu-repo/grantAgreement/ES/2PE/CSO2017-89719-R
dc.rights.accessRights info:eu-repo/semantics/openAccess
dc.type.version info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion

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