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Exposures to pesticides and risk of cancer: Evaluation of recent epidemiological evidence in humans and paths forward

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dc.contributor.author Cavalier, Haleigh
dc.contributor.author Trasande, Leonardo
dc.contributor.author Porta Serra, Miquel
dc.date.accessioned 2023-01-30T07:47:38Z
dc.date.available 2023-01-30T07:47:38Z
dc.date.issued 2023
dc.identifier.citation Cavalier H, Trasande L, Porta M. Exposures to pesticides and risk of cancer: Evaluation of recent epidemiological evidence in humans and paths forward. Int J Cancer. 2023 Mar 1;152(5):879-912. DOI: 10.1002/ijc.34300
dc.identifier.issn 0020-7136
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/10230/55472
dc.description.abstract Knowledge of the role in cancer etiology of environmental exposures as pesticides is a prerequisite for primary prevention. We review 63 epidemiological studies on exposure to pesticides and cancer risk in humans published from 2017 to 2021, with emphasis on new findings, methodological approaches, and gaps in the existing literature. While much of the recent evidence suggests causal relationships between pesticide exposure and cancer, the strongest evidence exists for acute myeloid leukemia (AML) and colorectal cancer (CRC), diseases in which the observed associations were consistent across several studies, including high-quality prospective studies and those using biomarkers for exposure assessment, with some observing dose-response relationships. Though high-quality studies have been published since the IARC monograph on organophosphate insecticides in 2017, there are still gaps in the literature on carcinogenic evidence in humans for a large number of pesticides. To further knowledge, we suggest leveraging new techniques and methods to increase sensitivity and precision of exposure assessment, incorporate multi-omics data, and investigate more thoroughly exposure to chemical mixtures. There is also a strong need for better and larger population-based cohort studies that include younger and nonoccupationally exposed individuals, particularly during developmental periods of susceptibility. Though the existing evidence has limitations, as always in science, there is sufficient evidence to implement policies and regulatory action that limit pesticide exposure in humans and, hence, further prevent a significant burden of cancers.
dc.format.mimetype application/pdf
dc.language.iso eng
dc.publisher Wiley
dc.relation.ispartof Int J Cancer. 2023 Mar 1;152(5):879-912
dc.rights © 2022 The Authors. International Journal of Cancer published by John Wiley & Sons Ltd on behalf of UICC. This is an open access article under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivs License, which permits use and distribution in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited, the use is non-commercial and no modifications or adaptations are made.
dc.rights.uri http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/
dc.title Exposures to pesticides and risk of cancer: Evaluation of recent epidemiological evidence in humans and paths forward
dc.type info:eu-repo/semantics/article
dc.identifier.doi http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/ijc.34300
dc.subject.keyword IARC monographs
dc.subject.keyword Acute myeloid leukemia
dc.subject.keyword Cancer etiology
dc.subject.keyword Chemical mixtures
dc.subject.keyword Cohort studies
dc.subject.keyword Colorectal cancer
dc.subject.keyword Environmental exposures
dc.subject.keyword Pesticides
dc.subject.keyword Policies
dc.subject.keyword Primary prevention
dc.subject.keyword Regulatory action
dc.subject.keyword Susceptibility
dc.rights.accessRights info:eu-repo/semantics/openAccess
dc.type.version info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion


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