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Exploring renal changes after bariatric surgery in patients with severe obesity

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dc.contributor.author Oliveras, Anna
dc.contributor.author Vázquez, Susana
dc.contributor.author Soler, María José
dc.contributor.author Galceran Herrera, Isabel
dc.contributor.author Duran Jordà, Xavier, 1974-
dc.contributor.author Goday Arno, Alberto
dc.contributor.author Benaiges Foix, David
dc.contributor.author Crespo Barrio, Marta
dc.contributor.author Pascual Santos, Julio
dc.contributor.author Riera Oliva, Marta
dc.date.accessioned 2022-09-28T06:15:46Z
dc.date.available 2022-09-28T06:15:46Z
dc.date.issued 2022
dc.identifier.citation Oliveras A, Vázquez S, Soler MJ, Galceran I, Duran X, Goday A, Benaiges D, Crespo M, Pascual J, Riera M. Exploring renal changes after bariatric surgery in patients with severe obesity. J Clin Med. 2022 Jan 29;11(3):728. DOI: 10.3390/jcm11030728
dc.identifier.issn 2077-0383
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/10230/54186
dc.description.abstract Obesity-related hyperfiltration leads to an increased glomerular filtration rate (GFR) and hyperalbuminuria. These changes are reversible after bariatric surgery (BS). We aimed to explore obesity-related renal changes post-BS and to seek potential mechanisms. Sixty-two individuals with severe obesity were prospectively examined before and 3, 6 and 12 months post-BS. Anthropometric and laboratory data, 24 h-blood pressure, renin-angiotensin-aldosterone system (RAS) components, adipokines and inflammatory markers were determined. Both estimated GFR (eGFR) and albuminuria decreased from the baseline at all follow-up times (p-for-trend <0.001 for both). There was a median (IQR) of 30.5% (26.2-34.4) reduction in body weight. Plasma glucose, glycosylated hemoglobin, fasting insulin and HOMA-index decreased at 3, 6 and 12 months of follow-up (p-for-trend <0.001 for all). The plasma aldosterone concentration (median (IQR)) also decreased at 12 months (from 87.8 ng/dL (56.8; 154) to 65.4 (56.8; 84.6), p = 0.003). Both leptin and hs-CRP decreased (p < 0.001) and adiponectine levels increased at 12 months post-BS (p = 0.017). Linear mixed-models showed that body weight (coef. 0.62, 95% CI: 0.32 to 0.93, p < 0.001) and plasma aldosterone (coef. -0.07, 95% CI: -0.13 to -0.02, p = 0.005) were the independent variables for changes in eGFR. Conversely, glycosylated hemoglobin was the only independent variable for changes in albuminuria (coef. 0.24, 95% CI: 0.06 to 0.42, p = 0.009). In conclusion, body weight and aldosterone are the main factors that mediate eGFR changes in obesity and BS, while albuminuria is associated with glucose homeostasis.
dc.format.mimetype application/pdf
dc.language.iso eng
dc.publisher MDPI
dc.relation.ispartof J Clin Med. 2022 Jan 29;11(3):728
dc.rights © 2022 by the authors. Licensee MDPI, Basel, Switzerland. This article is an open access article distributed under the terms and conditions of the Creative Commons Attribution (CC BY) license (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/).
dc.rights.uri https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/
dc.title Exploring renal changes after bariatric surgery in patients with severe obesity
dc.type info:eu-repo/semantics/article
dc.identifier.doi http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/jcm11030728
dc.subject.keyword Albuminuria
dc.subject.keyword Aldosterone
dc.subject.keyword Bariatric surgery
dc.subject.keyword Glucose metabolism
dc.subject.keyword Hyperfiltration
dc.subject.keyword Renin-angiotensin axis
dc.rights.accessRights info:eu-repo/semantics/openAccess
dc.type.version info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion


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