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Multimorbidity patterns of chronic conditions and geriatric syndromes in older patients from the MoPIM multicentre cohort study

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dc.contributor.author Baré, Marisa
dc.contributor.author Herranz, Susana
dc.contributor.author Roso-Llorach, Albert
dc.contributor.author Jordana, Rosa
dc.contributor.author Violán, Concepción
dc.contributor.author Lleal, Marina
dc.contributor.author Roura-Poch, Pere
dc.contributor.author Arellano Pérez, Marta
dc.contributor.author Estrada, Rafael
dc.contributor.author Nazco, Gloria Julia
dc.contributor.author MoPIM study group
dc.date.accessioned 2022-07-20T06:58:00Z
dc.date.available 2022-07-20T06:58:00Z
dc.date.issued 2021
dc.identifier.citation Baré M, Herranz S, Roso-Llorach A, Jordana R, Violán C, Lleal M, et al. Multimorbidity patterns of chronic conditions and geriatric syndromes in older patients from the MoPIM multicentre cohort study. BMJ Open. 2021 Nov 15; 11(11): e049334. DOI: 10.1136/bmjopen-2021-049334
dc.identifier.issn 2044-6055
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/10230/53762
dc.description.abstract Objectives: to estimate the frequency of chronic conditions and geriatric syndromes in older patients admitted to hospital because of an exacerbation of their chronic conditions, and to identify multimorbidity clusters in these patients. Design: Multicentre, prospective cohort study. Setting: internal medicine or geriatric services of five general teaching hospitals in Spain. Participants: 740 patients aged 65 and older, hospitalised because of an exacerbation of their chronic conditions between September 2016 and December 2018. Primary and secondary outcome measures: active chronic conditions and geriatric syndromes (including risk factors) of the patient, a score about clinical management of chronic conditions during admission, and destination at discharge were collected, among other variables. Multimorbidity patterns were identified using fuzzy c-means cluster analysis, taking into account the clinical management score. Prevalence, observed/expected ratio and exclusivity of each chronic condition and geriatric syndrome were calculated for each cluster, and the final solution was approved after clinical revision and discussion among the research team. Results: 740 patients were included (mean age 84.12 years, SD 7.01; 53.24% female). Almost all patients had two or more chronic conditions (98.65%; 95% CI 98.23% to 99.07%), the most frequent were hypertension (81.49%, 95% CI 78.53% to 84.12%) and heart failure (59.86%, 95% CI 56.29% to 63.34%). The most prevalent geriatric syndrome was polypharmacy (79.86%, 95% CI 76.82% to 82.60%). Four statistically and clinically significant multimorbidity clusters were identified: osteoarticular, psychogeriatric, cardiorespiratory and minor chronic disease. Patient-level variables such as sex, Barthel Index, number of chronic conditions or geriatric syndromes, chronic disease exacerbation 3 months prior to admission or destination at discharge differed between clusters. Conclusions: in older patients admitted to hospital because of the exacerbation of chronic health problems, it is possible to define multimorbidity clusters using soft clustering techniques. These clusters are clinically relevant and could be the basis to reorganise healthcare circuits or processes to tackle the increasing number of older, multimorbid patients.
dc.format.mimetype application/pdf
dc.language.iso eng
dc.publisher BMJ Publishing Group
dc.rights © Author(s) (or their employer(s)) 2021. Re-use permitted under CC BY-NC. No commercial re-use. See rights and permissions. Published by BMJ. This is an open access article distributed in accordance with the Creative Commons Attribution Non Commercial (CC BY-NC 4.0) license, which permits others to distribute, emix, adapt, build upon this work non-commercially, and license their derivative works on different terms, provided the original work is properly cited, appropriate credit is given, any changes made indicated, and the use is non-commercial. See: http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/.
dc.rights.uri http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/
dc.title Multimorbidity patterns of chronic conditions and geriatric syndromes in older patients from the MoPIM multicentre cohort study
dc.type info:eu-repo/semantics/article
dc.identifier.doi http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/bmjopen-2021-049334
dc.subject.keyword Geriatric medicine
dc.subject.keyword Internal medicine
dc.subject.keyword Quality in health care
dc.subject.keyword Statistics & research methods
dc.rights.accessRights info:eu-repo/semantics/openAccess
dc.type.version info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion


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