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Contested views? Tracing European positions on lethal autonomous weapon systems

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dc.contributor.author Badell Sánchez, Diego
dc.contributor.author Schmitt, Lewin
dc.date.accessioned 2022-02-07T12:54:57Z
dc.date.issued 2022
dc.identifier.citation Badell D, Schmitt L. Contested views? Tracing European positions on lethal autonomous weapon systems. European Security. 2022;31(2):242-61. DOI: 10.1080/09662839.2021.2007476
dc.identifier.issn 0966-2839
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/10230/52431
dc.description.abstract The article explores the evolving positions and negotiation strategies of the EU and its member states regarding lethal autonomous weapon systems (LAWS). Specifically, it traces the proceedings around the UN disarmament forum Convention on Certain Conventional Weapons (CCW) from 2013 to 2020. Embedded in the norm contestation literature, the empirical section draws upon semi-structured interviews as well as document analysis. We find that, despite the absence of a CFSP position on the matter, the EU and key member states have been instrumental in shaping the discussions. However, the role of the EU is constrained due to double contestation. First, at the level of member states contestation persists on what is the appropriate regulatory framework (hard or soft law). Second, contestation is also exerted towards the EU by some member states who contest the EEAS’s involvement. Some are conscious that presenting an “EU position” might constrain their ability to build global coalitions. Others do not want the EU to interfere with their national sovereignty on such a critical security issue. While these two elements work against a common EU position, we also observe a window of opportunity for the EU. Notably, the EU can strengthen the CCW by funding the forum structures and secretariat, which could become an important body in the implementation of foreseeable agreements.
dc.description.sponsorship This work was supported by Spanish Ministry of Economy, Industry, and Competitiveness. FPI Scholarship. Grant Agreement: BES-2017-079692; Spanish Ministry of Innovation and Science. Research Project: The Emergence of European Sovereignty in a World of Systemic Rivalry: Strategic Autonomy and Permissive Consensus (EUSOV). Grant Agreement: PID2020-116443GB-I00.
dc.format.mimetype application/pdf
dc.language.iso eng
dc.publisher Taylor & Francis
dc.relation.ispartof European Security. 2022;31(2):242-61
dc.rights © This is an Accepted Manuscript of an article published by Taylor & Francis in European Security on 2022, available online: http://www.tandfonline.com/10.1080/09662839.2021.2007476.
dc.title Contested views? Tracing European positions on lethal autonomous weapon systems
dc.type info:eu-repo/semantics/article
dc.identifier.doi http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/09662839.2021.2007476
dc.subject.keyword EU foreign policy
dc.subject.keyword CFSP
dc.subject.keyword CSDP
dc.subject.keyword Contestation
dc.subject.keyword Lethal autonomous weapons systems
dc.relation.projectID info:eu-repo/grantAgreement/ES/2PE/BES2017-079692
dc.relation.projectID info:eu-repo/grantAgreement/ES/2PE/PID2020-116443GB-I00
dc.rights.accessRights info:eu-repo/semantics/openAccess
dc.type.version info:eu-repo/semantics/acceptedVersion

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