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Cerebral infarct site and affected vascular territory as factors in breathing weakness in patients with subacute stroke

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dc.contributor.author Duarte Oller, Esther
dc.contributor.author Messaggi-Sartor, Monique, 1984-
dc.contributor.author Grau-Sánchez, Jennifer
dc.contributor.author Ramírez-Fuentes, Cindry
dc.contributor.author Neira, Natàlia
dc.contributor.author Guillén-Solà, Anna
dc.contributor.author Sánchez-Rodríguez, María Dolores
dc.contributor.author Duran Jordà, Xavier, 1974-
dc.contributor.author Boza, Roser
dc.contributor.author Marco Navarro, Ester
dc.date.accessioned 2021-11-05T07:56:24Z
dc.date.available 2021-11-05T07:56:24Z
dc.date.issued 2020
dc.identifier.citation Duarte E, Messaggi-Sartor M, Grau-Sánchez J, Ramírez-Fuentes C, Neira N, Guillén-Solà A, et al. Cerebral infarct site and affected vascular territory as factors in breathing weakness in patients with subacute stroke. J Rehabil Med. 2020 Oct 22; 52(10): jrm00116. DOI: 10.2340/16501977-2751
dc.identifier.issn 1651-2081
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/10230/48919
dc.description.abstract Objective: A better understanding of factors influencing breathing weakness in stroke survivors would help in planning rehabilitation therapies. The main objective of this study was to determine whether the location of cerebral infarct is associated with breathing weakness in patients with subacute stroke. Design: Cross-sectional analysis of a prospective cohort. Patients: Consecutive patients admitted to a neurology rehabilitation unit with first-time ischaemic stroke (n?=?170). Methods: Breathing weakness was defined as >?70% reduction in maximal inspiratory and expiratory pressures (PImax and PEmax, respectively) compared with reference values. Computed tomography and magnetic resonance imaging were used to locate stroke lesions, which were classified as cortical, subcortical, cortico-subcortical, brainstem, or cerebellum. The affected cerebrovascular territory was identified to classify stroke subtype. The association between maximal respiratory pressure and affected brain area was studied using median regression analysis. Results: Breathing weakness was detected in 151 (88.8%) patients. Those with cortical and cortico-subcortical stroke location had the lowest PImax and PEmax values (median 33 cmH2O). This value differed significantly from maximal respiratory pressures of patients with strokes located in the brainstem and the cerebellum, with PImax median differences (?) of 16 cmH2O (95% confidence interval (95% CI) 4.127.9) and 27 cmH2O (95% CI 7.846.2), respectively, and PEmax median differences of 27 cmH2O (95% CI 11.442.7) and 49 cmH2O (95% CI 23.774.3), respectively, both of which remained significant after adjustments. Conclusion: The prevalence of breathing weakness was very high in stroke patients admitted to a neurorehabilitation ward, being more severe in cortical or cortico-subcortical stroke.
dc.format.mimetype application/pdf
dc.language.iso eng
dc.publisher Taylor & Francis
dc.rights This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License. https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/ This is an open access article under the CC BY-NC license. www.medicaljournals.se/jrm Foundation of Rehabilitation Information
dc.rights.uri http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/
dc.title Cerebral infarct site and affected vascular territory as factors in breathing weakness in patients with subacute stroke
dc.type info:eu-repo/semantics/article
dc.identifier.doi http://dx.doi.org/10.2340/16501977-2751
dc.subject.keyword Breathing weakness
dc.subject.keyword Rehabilitation
dc.subject.keyword Stroke assessment
dc.subject.keyword Stroke subtype
dc.rights.accessRights info:eu-repo/semantics/openAccess
dc.type.version info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion


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