Welcome to the UPF Digital Repository

Human-woodland interactions during the Pre-Aksumite and Aksumite periods in northeastern Tigray, Ethiopia: insights from the wood charcoal analyses from Mezber and Ona Adi

Show simple item record

dc.contributor.author Ruiz-Giralt, Abel
dc.contributor.author Bouchaud, Charlène
dc.contributor.author Salavert, Aurélie
dc.contributor.author Lancelotti, Carla
dc.contributor.author D'Andrea, A. Catherine
dc.date.accessioned 2021-03-08T10:01:49Z
dc.date.issued 2021
dc.identifier.citation Ruiz-Giralt A, Bouchaud C, Salavert A, Lancelotti C, D'Andrea AC. Human-woodland interactions during the Pre-Aksumite and Aksumite periods in northeastern Tigray, Ethiopia: insights from the wood charcoal analyses from Mezber and Ona Adi. Veg Hist Archaeobot. 2021;30:713-28. DOI: 10.1007/s00334-021-00825-2
dc.identifier.issn 0939-6314
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/10230/46689
dc.description.abstract The Tigray region in Ethiopia witnessed the rise and fall of the Pre-Aksumite and Aksumite communities between the mid 2nd millennium BCE and the late 1st millennium CE. Despite the importance of these entities in recent African prehistory, the issue of how they interacted with their surrounding environment has only been addressed very recently. Here, we present the first systematic anthracological analysis from the region. Wood charcoal samples from two archaeological sites were analysed, the Pre-Aksumite rural site of Mezber (ca. 1600 BCE-1 CE) and Ona Adi (ca. 600 BCE-700 CE), an urban centre occupied continuously from the Late Pre-Aksumite period to the fall of the Aksumite kingdom. A total of 2,708 charcoal fragments from 25 samples and nine archaeological phases were analysed and 19 plant taxa associated with at least three different vegetation types were identified. The results demonstrate rather stable environmental conditions at a local level, with no major or abrupt environmental changes. They also evidence a process of landscape degradation as a result of human activity during the early to mid 1st millennium BCE, as well as a subsequent recovery that occurred gradually during the next ca. 1,500 years. Finally, differences in firewood use were identified in relation to the rural or urban nature of each settlement, showing an evolution in wood selection, management and strategies of use which indicates that both Pre-Aksumite and Aksumite peoples had a significant degree of resilience and adaptive capacity.
dc.description.sponsorship This research has been done as part of the Eastern Tigray Archaeological Project (ETAP). We are grateful for the participation of the Ethiopian Authority for Research and Conservation of Cultural Heritage (ARCCH) and the Tigray Tourism and Cultural Commission (TCTB). Many thanks are due to Margareta Tengberg for granting access to wood collections of the Muséum National d’Histoire Naturelle (Paris, France), and especially to the residents of the Gulo Makeda district (Tigray, Ethiopia) for their help, hospitality and participation in all ETAP interviews and excavations. ARG is a member of CaSEs, an excellence group of the Generalitat de Catalunya (SGR-0122) and Unidad Asociada of the Consejo Superior de Investigaciones Científicas (IMF_CSIC) and is developing his work within the RAINDROPS Research Project (ERC-Stg2017 G.A. 759800). Financial support was provided by the Social Sciences and Humanities Research Council of Canada (Partnership Grant #890-215-003) and the Ministère de l’Europe et des Affaires étrangères (AVENIR Excellence Grant #901738L).
dc.format.mimetype application/pdf
dc.language.iso eng
dc.publisher Springer
dc.relation.ispartof Vegetation History and Archaeobotany. 2021;30:713-28
dc.relation.isreferencedby http://hdl.handle.net/10230/43109
dc.rights © Springer The final publication is available at Springer via http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00334-021-00825-2
dc.title Human-woodland interactions during the Pre-Aksumite and Aksumite periods in northeastern Tigray, Ethiopia: insights from the wood charcoal analyses from Mezber and Ona Adi
dc.type info:eu-repo/semantics/article
dc.identifier.doi http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00334-021-00825-2
dc.subject.keyword Archaeobotany
dc.subject.keyword Charcoal analysis
dc.subject.keyword Pre-Aksumite period
dc.subject.keyword Kingdom of Aksum
dc.subject.keyword Tigray
dc.subject.keyword Ethiopia
dc.subject.keyword Aksumite
dc.subject.keyword Aksum
dc.relation.projectID info:eu-repo/grantAgreement/EC/FP7/759800
dc.rights.accessRights info:eu-repo/semantics/openAccess
dc.type.version info:eu-repo/semantics/acceptedVersion

Thumbnail

This item appears in the following Collection(s)

Show simple item record

Search DSpace


Advanced Search

Browse

My Account

Statistics

In collaboration with Compliant to Partaking