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Association between lung function decline and obstructive sleep apnoea: the ALEC study

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dc.contributor.author Emilsson, Össur Ingi
dc.contributor.author Sundbom, Fredrik
dc.contributor.author Ljunggren, Mirjam
dc.contributor.author Benediktsdóttir, Bryndís
dc.contributor.author García Aymerich, Judith
dc.contributor.author Bui, Dinh Son
dc.contributor.author Jarvis, Deborah
dc.contributor.author Olin, Anna-Carin
dc.contributor.author Franklin, Karl
dc.contributor.author Demoly, Pascal
dc.contributor.author Lindberg, Eva
dc.contributor.author Janson, Christer
dc.contributor.author Aspelund, Thor
dc.contributor.author Gislason, Thorarinn
dc.date.accessioned 2021-01-26T06:53:57Z
dc.date.available 2021-01-26T06:53:57Z
dc.date.issued 2020
dc.identifier.citation Emilsson ÖI, Sundbom F, Ljunggren M, Benediktsdottir B, Garcia-Aymerich J, Bui DS, Jarvis D, Olin AC, Franklin KA, Demoly P, Lindberg E, Janson C, Aspelund T, Gislason T. Association between lung function decline and obstructive sleep apnoea: the ALEC study. Sleep Breath. 2021 Jun;25(2):587-96. DOI: 10.1007/s11325-020-02086-1
dc.identifier.issn 1520-9512
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/10230/46264
dc.description.abstract Purpose: To study changes in lung function among individuals with a risk of obstructive sleep apnoea (OSA), and if asthma affected this relationship. Methods: We used data from the European Community Respiratory Health Survey II and III, a multicentre general population study. Participants answered questionnaires and performed spirometry at baseline and 10-year follow-up (n = 4,329 attended both visits). Subjects with high risk for OSA were identified from the multivariable apnoea prediction (MAP) index, calculated from BMI, age, gender, and OSA symptoms at follow-up. Asthma was defined as having doctor's diagnosed asthma at follow-up. Primary outcomes were changes in forced expiratory volume in 1 s (FEV1) and forced vital capacity (FVC) from baseline to follow-up. Results: Among 5108 participants at follow-up, 991 (19%) had a high risk of OSA based on the MAP index. Participants with high OSA risk more often had wheeze, cough, chest tightness, and breathlessness at follow-up than those with low OSA risk. Lung function declined more rapidly in subjects with high OSA risk (low vs high OSA risk [mean ± SD]: FEV1 = - 41.3 ± 24.3 ml/year vs - 50.8 ± 30.1 ml/year; FVC = - 30.5 ± 31.2 ml/year vs - 45.2 ± 36.3 ml/year). Lung function decline was primarily associated with higher BMI and OSA symptoms. OSA symptoms had a stronger association with lung function decline among asthmatics, compared to non-asthmatics. Conclusion: In the general population, a high probability of obstructive sleep apnoea was related to faster lung function decline in the previous decade. This was driven by a higher BMI and more OSA symptoms among these subjects. The association between OSA symptoms and lung function decline was stronger among asthmatics.
dc.format.mimetype application/pdf
dc.language.iso eng
dc.publisher Springer
dc.relation.ispartof Sleep Breath. 2021 Jun;25(2):587-96
dc.rights © The Author(s) 2020. Open Access This article is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License, which permits use, sharing, adaptation, distribution and reproduction in any medium or format, as long as you give appropriate credit to the original author(s) and the source, provide a link to the Creative Commons licence, and indicate if changes were made. The images or other third party material in this article are included in the article's Creative Commons licence, unless indicated otherwise in a credit line to the material. If material is not included in the article's Creative Commons licence and your intended use is not permitted by statutory regulation or exceeds the permitted use, you will need to obtain permission directly from the copyright holder. To view a copy of this licence, visit http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/.
dc.rights.uri http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/
dc.title Association between lung function decline and obstructive sleep apnoea: the ALEC study
dc.type info:eu-repo/semantics/article
dc.identifier.doi http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11325-020-02086-1
dc.subject.keyword Asthma
dc.subject.keyword Lung function
dc.subject.keyword Lung function decline
dc.subject.keyword Sleep apnoea
dc.relation.projectID info:eu-repo/grantAgreement/EC/H2020/633212
dc.rights.accessRights info:eu-repo/semantics/openAccess
dc.type.version info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion

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