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Amyloid beta-peptide increases BACE1 translation through the phosphorylation of the eukaryotic initiation factor-2 α

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dc.contributor.author Picón-Pagès, Pol
dc.contributor.author Gutiérrez, Daniela A.
dc.contributor.author Barranco Almohalla, Alejandro
dc.contributor.author Crepin, Giulia
dc.contributor.author Tajes Orduña, Marta
dc.contributor.author Ill-Raga, Gerard, 1982-
dc.contributor.author Guix Ràfols, Francesc Xavier
dc.contributor.author Menéndez, Silvia
dc.contributor.author Arumí Uría, Montserrat
dc.contributor.author Vicente García, Rubén, 1978-
dc.contributor.author Álvarez, Alejandra R.
dc.contributor.author Muñoz López, Francisco José, 1964-
dc.date.accessioned 2020-11-05T06:54:15Z
dc.date.available 2020-11-05T06:54:15Z
dc.date.issued 2020
dc.identifier.citation Picón-Pagès P, Gutiérrez DA, Barranco-Almohalla A, Crepin G, Tajes M, Ill-Raga G, Guix FX, Menéndez S, Arumí-Uría M, Vicente R, Álvarez AR, Muñoz FJ. Amyloid beta-peptide increases BACE1 translation through the phosphorylation of the eukaryotic initiation factor-2 α. Oxid Med Cell Longev. 2020; 2020:2739459. DOI: 10.1155/2020/2739459
dc.identifier.issn 1942-0900
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/10230/45660
dc.description.abstract Alzheimer's disease (AD) is tightly linked to oxidative stress since amyloid beta-peptide (Aβ) aggregates generate free radicals. Moreover, the aggregation of Aβ is increased by oxidative stress, and the neurotoxicity induced by the oligomers and fibrils is in part mediated by free radicals. Interestingly, it has been reported that oxidative stress can also induce BACE1 transcription and expression. BACE1 is the key enzyme in the cleavage of the amyloid precursor protein to produce Aβ, and the expression of this enzyme has been previously shown to be enhanced in the brains of Alzheimer's patients. Here, we have found that BACE1 expression is increased in the hippocampi from AD patients at both the early (Braak stage II) and late (Braak stage VI) stages of the disease as studied by immunohistochemistry and western blot. To address the role of Aβ and oxidative stress in the regulation of BACE1 expression, we have analyzed the effect of subtoxic concentrations of Aβ oligomers (0.25 μM) and H2O2 (10 mM) on a human neuroblastoma cell line. Firstly, our results show that Aβ oligomers and H2O2 induce an increase of BACE1 mRNA as we studied by qPCR. Regarding BACE1 translation, it is dependent on the phosphorylation of the eukaryotic initiation factor 2α (eIF2α), since BACE1 mRNA bears a 5'UTR that avoids its translation under basal conditions. BACE1 5'UTR contains four upstream initiating codons (uAUGs), and its translation is activated when eIF2α is phosphorylated. Consistently, we have obtained that Aβ oligomers and H2O2 increase the levels of BACE1 and p-eIF2α assayed by western blot and confocal microscopy. Our results suggest that Aβ oligomers increase BACE1 translation by phosphorylating eIF2α in a process that involves oxidative stress and conforms a pathophysiological loop, where the Aβ once aggregated favors its own production continuously by the increase in BACE1 expression as observed in AD patients.
dc.description.sponsorship This research was funded by the Spanish Ministry of Economy and Business through the grant Plan Estatal SAF2017-83372-R and SAF2014-52228-R (FEDER funds/UE) to FJM and RV, Chilean Government through Fondecyt 11611065 and AFB170005 to AA and REDES 180084 to AA and FJM, and MDM-2014-0370 through the María de Maeztu Programme for Units of Excellence in R&D to Departament de Ciències Experimentals i de la Salut. Silvia Menéndez is supported by the Health Deparment of the Generalitat de Catalunya, Spain (PERIS SLT006/17/00040). This work was also supported by the Advanced Microscopy Facility UC.
dc.format.mimetype application/pdf
dc.language.iso eng
dc.publisher Hindawi
dc.relation.ispartof Oxid Med Cell Longev. 2020; 2020:2739459
dc.rights © 2020 Pol Picón-Pagès et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
dc.rights.uri http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/
dc.title Amyloid beta-peptide increases BACE1 translation through the phosphorylation of the eukaryotic initiation factor-2 α
dc.type info:eu-repo/semantics/article
dc.identifier.doi http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2020/2739459
dc.relation.projectID info:eu-repo/grantAgreement/ES/2PE/SAF2017-83372-R
dc.relation.projectID info:eu-repo/grantAgreement/ES/1PE/SAF2014-52228-R
dc.rights.accessRights info:eu-repo/semantics/openAccess
dc.type.version info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion

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