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Squaring the circle: social and environmental implications of pre-pottery neolithic building technology at Tell Qarassa (South Syria)

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dc.contributor.author Balbo, Andrea Luca
dc.contributor.author Iriarte, Eneko
dc.contributor.author Arranz, Amaia
dc.contributor.author Zapata, Lydia
dc.contributor.author Lancelotti, Carla
dc.contributor.author Madella, Marco
dc.contributor.author Teira, Luis
dc.contributor.author Jiménez, Miguel
dc.contributor.author Braemer, Frank
dc.contributor.author Ibáñez, Juan José
dc.date.accessioned 2020-05-26T09:25:04Z
dc.date.available 2020-05-26T09:25:04Z
dc.date.issued 2012
dc.identifier.citation Balbo AL, Iriarte E, Arranz A, Zapata L, Lancelotti C, Madella M et al. Squaring the circle: social and environmental implications of pre-pottery neolithic building technology at Tell Qarassa (South Syria). PLoS One. 2012 Jul 27;7(7):e42109. DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0042109
dc.identifier.issn 1932-6203
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/10230/44817
dc.description.abstract We present the results of the microstratigraphic, phytolith and wood charcoal study of the remains of a 10.5 ka roof. The roof is part of a building excavated at Tell Qarassa (South Syria), assigned to the Pre-Pottery Neolithic B period (PPNB). The Pre-Pottery Neolithic (PPN) period in the Levant coincides with the emergence of farming. This fundamental change in subsistence strategy implied the shift from mobile to settled aggregated life, and from tents and huts to hard buildings. As settled life spread across the Levant, a generalised transition from round to square buildings occurred, that is a trademark of the PPNB period. The study of these buildings is fundamental for the understanding of the ever-stronger reciprocal socioecological relationship humans developed with the local environment since the introduction of sedentism and domestication. Descriptions of buildings in PPN archaeological contexts are usually restricted to the macroscopic observation of wooden elements (posts and beams) and mineral components (daub, plaster and stone elements). Reconstructions of microscopic and organic components are frequently based on ethnographic analogy. The direct study of macroscopic and microscopic, organic and mineral, building components performed at Tell Qarassa provides new insights on building conception, maintenance, use and destruction. These elements reflect new emerging paradigms in the relationship between Neolithic societies and the environment. A square building was possibly covered here with a radial roof, providing a glance into a topologic shift in the conception and understanding of volumes, from round-based to square-based geometries. Macroscopic and microscopic roof components indicate buildings were conceived for year-round residence rather than seasonal mobility. This implied performing maintenance and restoration of partially damaged buildings, as well as their adaptation to seasonal variability.
dc.description.sponsorship Research is sponsored by the former Spanish Ministry of Science and Innovation (MICINN, HAR2011-21545-C02-01 The last hunter-gatherers and the first producing societies in Central and Southern Syria), the Ministry of Culture Spanish Institute of Cultural Heritage (Excavations Abroad) and the French Ministry of Foreign and European Affairs. A. Balbo has worked on this paper on contracts from JAEDoc, SimulPast Consolider and European Social Found. A. Arranz has the financial support of the Basque Government (Pre-doctoral grant Number: BFI.09.249). L. Zapata is a member of Research Group UPV/EHU IT-288-07 (Basque Government), UFI11/09 Cuaternario of the UPV/EHU and Project HAR2011-23716 (I+D+i). She is also funded by the Programa de Movilidad del Personal Investigador del Gobierno Vasco 2012. C. Lancelotti has worked on this paper on a contract from AGRIWESTMED (European Research Council funded). The funders had no role in study design, data collection and analysis, decision to publish, or preparation of the manuscript.
dc.format.mimetype application/pdf
dc.language.iso eng
dc.publisher Public Library of Science (PLoS)
dc.relation.ispartof PLoS One. 2012 Jul 27;7(7):e42109
dc.rights © 2012 Balbo et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.
dc.rights.uri https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/
dc.subject.other Síria -- Condicions econòmiques
dc.subject.other Síria -- Condicions socials -- S. XX
dc.subject.other Síria -- Política i govern
dc.title Squaring the circle: social and environmental implications of pre-pottery neolithic building technology at Tell Qarassa (South Syria)
dc.type info:eu-repo/semantics/article
dc.identifier.doi http://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0042109
dc.relation.projectID info:eu-repo/grantAgreement/ES/3PN/HAR2011-21545-C02-01
dc.relation.projectID info:eu-repo/grantAgreement/ES/3PN/HAR2011-23716
dc.rights.accessRights info:eu-repo/semantics/openAccess
dc.type.version info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion


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