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'Not all that burns is wood': a social perspective on fuel exploitation and use during the Indus urban period (2600-1900 BC)

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dc.contributor.author Lancelotti, Carla
dc.date.accessioned 2020-05-12T07:24:47Z
dc.date.available 2020-05-12T07:24:47Z
dc.date.issued 2018
dc.identifier.citation Lancelotti, C. 'Not all that burns is wood': a social perspective on fuel exploitation and use during the Indus urban period (2600-1900 BC). PLoS One. 2018;13(3):e0192364. DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0192364
dc.identifier.issn 1932-6203
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/10230/44502
dc.description.abstract Ancient civilisations depended heavily on natural fuel resources for a wide array of activities, and this had an impact on such resources that can be traced in the archaeological record. At its urban apex, the populations of the Indus Civilisation (2600–1900 BC) produced a wide range of objects and crafts, several of which involved highly specialised pyrotechnology. In the wake of increasing aridity and a period of weakened monsoon rainfall that affected South Asia from 2100 BC, these activities potentially put pressure on the natural resource base that may have had to be counterbalanced by differentiation in fuel use. The combined analysis of archaeobotanical and geoarchaeological remains from four Indus urban phase archaeological sites, has enable an assessment of the mechanisms through which people exploited wood, and diversified their fuel resources to adapt to the arid to semi-arid environments in which they lived. The combined use of local wood species with alternative fuels, such as dung and crop-processing leftovers, are evidence for resilient socio-ecological practices during the 700 years of Indus urbanism and perhaps beyond.
dc.description.sponsorship The research was funded by AHRC Doctoral grant (2007/131224), St John’s College [no grant number], Cambridge European Trust (300469695) and The University of Cambridge (Isbel-Fletcher Garden Fund [no grant number], Smuts Memorial Fund [S2007/E2007], and Anthony Wilkin Fund [no grant number]).
dc.format.mimetype application/pdf
dc.language.iso eng
dc.publisher Public Library of Science (PLoS)
dc.relation.ispartof PLoS One. 2018;13(3):e0192364
dc.rights © 2018 Carla Lancelotti. This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.
dc.rights.uri https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/
dc.subject.other Combustibles
dc.subject.other Arqueologia
dc.subject.other Explotació forestal
dc.subject.other Conreu
dc.subject.other Sedimentació
dc.title 'Not all that burns is wood': a social perspective on fuel exploitation and use during the Indus urban period (2600-1900 BC)
dc.type info:eu-repo/semantics/article
dc.identifier.doi http://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0192364
dc.rights.accessRights info:eu-repo/semantics/openAccess
dc.type.version info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion


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