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The European Union and natural resources that fund armed conflicts: explaining the EU’s policy choice for supply chain due-diligence requirements

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dc.contributor.author Vlaskamp, Martijn
dc.date.accessioned 2020-02-26T09:27:00Z
dc.date.available 2020-02-26T09:27:00Z
dc.date.issued 2019
dc.identifier.citation Vlaskamp M. The European Union and natural resources that fund armed conflicts: explaining the EU’s policy choice for supply chain due-diligence requirements. Cooperation and Conflict. 2019 Jan;59(3):407-25. DOI: 10.1177/0010836718808314
dc.identifier.issn 2158-2440
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/10230/43718
dc.description.abstract Natural resources can be an important source of funding for warring parties in armed conflicts. Curbing the trade in these so-called conflict resources is, therefore, part of the European Union’s (EU) conflict management policies. The article explores the EU’s policies in this field and asks, specifically, why the EU is using supply chain due diligence measures to achieve this goal. The author argues they are the response to enforcement problems of most existing multilateral and unilateral sanction regimes because of state weakness in the targeted regions. This approach results from a broader idea from the EU that transparency can improve resource governance and, therefore, safeguard both its political and economic interests in conflict zones, such as the eastern Democratic Republic of the Congo. However, when the issue became specific—as in the EU Conflict Minerals Regulation—translating this idea into concrete policies became more contentious as the different actors set different priorities for the final policy design.
dc.description.sponsorship This work was supported by the EU’s Horizon 2020 research and innovation program [grant number 660245]; and the Spanish Ministry of Economy and Competiveness [grant number CSO2016-79205-P].
dc.format.mimetype application/pdf
dc.language.iso eng
dc.publisher SAGE Publications
dc.relation.ispartof Cooperation and Conflict. 2019 Jan;59(3):407-25
dc.rights Vlaskamp M, The European Union and natural resources that fund armed conflicts: explaining the EU’s policy choice for supply chain due-diligence requirements, Cooperation and Conflict 59(3) pp. 407-25. Copyright © 2019 (SAGE Publications). DOI: 10.1177/0010836718808314.
dc.title The European Union and natural resources that fund armed conflicts: explaining the EU’s policy choice for supply chain due-diligence requirements
dc.type info:eu-repo/semantics/article
dc.identifier.doi http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0010836718808314
dc.subject.keyword Armed conflicts
dc.subject.keyword Conflict resources
dc.subject.keyword European Union
dc.subject.keyword Natural resources
dc.subject.keyword Supply chain due diligence
dc.subject.keyword Transparency
dc.relation.projectID info:eu-repo/grantAgreement/EC/H2020/660245
dc.rights.accessRights info:eu-repo/semantics/openAccess
dc.type.version info:eu-repo/semantics/acceptedVersion

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