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Dairy product consumption and metabolic diseases in the Di@bet.es study

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dc.contributor.author Lago-Sampedro, Ana
dc.contributor.author García-Escobar, Eva
dc.contributor.author Rubio-Martín, Elehazara
dc.contributor.author Pascual-Aguirre, Nuria
dc.contributor.author Valdés, Sergio
dc.contributor.author Soriguer, Federico
dc.contributor.author Goday Arno, Alberto
dc.contributor.author Calle-Pascual, Alfonso
dc.contributor.author Castell, Conxa
dc.contributor.author Menéndez, Edelmiro
dc.contributor.author Delgado, Elías
dc.contributor.author Bordiú, Elena
dc.contributor.author Castaño, Luis
dc.contributor.author Franch-Nadal, Josep
dc.contributor.author Girbés, Juan
dc.contributor.author Chaves, Felipe Javier
dc.contributor.author Gaztambide, Sonia
dc.contributor.author Rojo-Martínez, Gemma
dc.contributor.author Olveira, Gabriel
dc.date.accessioned 2019-06-26T07:54:08Z
dc.date.available 2019-06-26T07:54:08Z
dc.date.issued 2019
dc.identifier.citation Lago-Sampedro A, García-Escobar E, Rubio-Martín E, Pascual-Aguirre N, Valdés S, Soriguer F. et al. Dairy product consumption and metabolic diseases in the Di@bet.es study. Nutrients. 2019 Jan 24;11(2). pii: E262. DOI: 10.3390/nu11020262
dc.identifier.issn 2072-6643
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/10230/41863
dc.description.abstract To date it is not clear what the role of dairy products is in metabolic diseases like diabetes, obesity, and hypertension. Therefore, the aim of this study is to test the association between dairy product consumption and those pathologies. A cross-sectional study was conducted with 5081 adults included in the di@bet.es study, from 100 health centers around Spain. Food frequency questionnaires were carried out concerning consumption habits, which included dairy product consumption. Logistic regression models were used for the association analyses between the variables controlling confounding variables. Women had a higher consumption of milk, cheese, or yogurt than men (p < 0.0001), but men consumed more sugar dairy products (p < 0.001). People who live in the North of Spain consume more dairy products than those who live in the East. Dairy product consumption was inversely associated with the presence of hypertension regardless of age, sex, geographical region, and body mass index (BMI) (Odds Ratio (OR) 0.743; p = 0.022). The presence of obesity was inversely associated with dairy consumption regardless of age, sex, and geographical region (OR 0.61; p < 0.001). Milk consumption was not associated with diabetes. Our results show that consuming dairy products is associated with a better metabolic profile in the Spanish population.
dc.format.mimetype application/pdf
dc.language.iso eng
dc.publisher MDPI
dc.rights Copyright © 2019 by the authors. Licensee MDPI, Basel, Switzerland. This article is an open access article distributed under the terms and conditions of the Creative Commons Attribution (CC BY) license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/).
dc.rights.uri http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/
dc.title Dairy product consumption and metabolic diseases in the Di@bet.es study
dc.type info:eu-repo/semantics/article
dc.identifier.doi http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/nu11020262
dc.subject.keyword Dairy
dc.subject.keyword Diabetes
dc.subject.keyword Hypertension
dc.subject.keyword Milk
dc.subject.keyword Obesity
dc.subject.keyword Yogurt
dc.rights.accessRights info:eu-repo/semantics/openAccess
dc.type.version info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion

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