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Interspecific gene flow shaped the evolution of the genus canis

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dc.contributor.author Gopalakrishnan, Shyam
dc.contributor.author Montero, Marc de Manuel
dc.contributor.author Kuderna, Lukas F.K.
dc.contributor.author Serres Armero, Aitor, 1992-
dc.contributor.author González-Basallote, Víctor Manuel
dc.contributor.author Marquès i Bonet, Tomàs, 1975-
dc.contributor.author Gilbert, M Thomas
dc.date.accessioned 2019-05-08T07:32:28Z
dc.date.available 2019-05-08T07:32:28Z
dc.date.issued 2018
dc.identifier.citation Gopalakrishnan S, Sinding MS, Ramos-Madrigal J, Niemann J, Samaniego Castruita JA, Vieira FG et al. Interspecific gene flow shaped the evolution of the genus canis. Curr Biol. 2018;28(21):3441-9. DOI: 10.1016/j.cub.2018.08.041
dc.identifier.issn 0960-9822
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/10230/37189
dc.description.abstract The evolutionary history of the wolf-like canids of the genus Canis has been heavily debated, especially regarding the number of distinct species and their relationships at the population and species level [1-6]. We assembled a dataset of 48 resequenced genomes spanning all members of the genus Canis except the black-backed and side-striped jackals, encompassing the global diversity of seven extant canid lineages. This includes eight new genomes, including the first resequenced Ethiopian wolf (Canis simensis), one dhole (Cuon alpinus), two East African hunting dogs (Lycaon pictus), two Eurasian golden jackals (Canis aureus), and two Middle Eastern gray wolves (Canis lupus). The relationships between the Ethiopian wolf, African golden wolf, and golden jackal were resolved. We highlight the role of interspecific hybridization in the evolution of this charismatic group. Specifically, we find gene flow between the ancestors of the dhole and African hunting dog and admixture between the gray wolf, coyote (Canis latrans), golden jackal, and African golden wolf. Additionally, we report gene flow from gray and Ethiopian wolves to the African golden wolf, suggesting that the African golden wolf originated through hybridization between these species. Finally, we hypothesize that coyotes and gray wolves carry genetic material derived from a "ghost" basal canid lineage.
dc.description.sponsorship We also acknowledge the following for funding our research: the Qimmeq project funded by The Velux Foundations and Aage og Johanne Louis-Hansens Fond; Carlsbergfondet grant CF14–0995 and Marie Skłodowska-Curie Actions grant 655732-WhereWolf to S.G.; grant 676154-ArchSci2020 to J.N.; NSFC grant 91531303 to G.-D.W.; Danish National Research Foundation grant DNRF94, Lundbeckfonden grant R52–5062, and ERC Consolidator grant 681396-Extinction Genomics to M.T.P.G.; and the Universities of Oslo and Copenhagen for a PhD stipend awarded to M.-H.S.S. T.M.-B. is supported by MINECO/FEDER, UE, grant BFU2017-86471-P, NIMH grant U01 MH106874, a Howard Hughes Medical Institute International Early Career grant, Obra Social “La Caixa,” and Secretaria d’Universitats i Recerca and CERCA Programme del Departament d’Economia i Coneixement de la Generalitat de Catalunya.
dc.format.mimetype application/pdf
dc.language.iso eng
dc.publisher Elsevier
dc.relation.ispartof Current Biology. 2018;28(21):3441-9
dc.rights © Elsevier This is the published version of an article http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.cub.2018.08.041 that appeared in the journal Current biology. It is published in an Open Archive under an Elsevier user license. Details of this licence are available here: https://www.elsevier.com/about/our-business/policies/open-access-licenses/elsevier-user-license
dc.rights.uri http://www.elsevier.com/open-access/userlicense/1.0/
dc.title Interspecific gene flow shaped the evolution of the genus canis
dc.type info:eu-repo/semantics/article
dc.identifier.doi http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.cub.2018.08.041
dc.subject.keyword Phylogenomics
dc.subject.keyword Canid phylogeography
dc.subject.keyword African golden wolf
dc.subject.keyword Ethiopian wolf
dc.subject.keyword Canid hybridization
dc.subject.keyword Gray wolf
dc.subject.keyword African hunting dog
dc.relation.projectID info:eu-repo/grantAgreement/ES/2PE/BFU2017-86471-P
dc.rights.accessRights info:eu-repo/semantics/openAccess
dc.type.version info:eu-repo/semantics/acceptedVersion


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