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Genome-wide CTCF distribution in vertebrates defines equivalent sites that aid the identification of disease-associated genes

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dc.contributor.author Martin, David
dc.contributor.author Guigó Serra, Roderic
dc.contributor.author Gómez Skarmeta, José Luis
dc.date.accessioned 2019-02-11T08:44:08Z
dc.date.available 2019-02-11T08:44:08Z
dc.date.issued 2011
dc.identifier.citation Martin D, Pantoja C, Fernández Miñán A, Valdes-Quezada C, Moltó E, Matesanz F et al. Genome-wide CTCF distribution in vertebrates defines equivalent sites that aid the identification of disease-associated genes. Nat Struct Mol Biol. 2011; 18(6):708-14. DOI 10.1038/nsmb.2059
dc.identifier.issn 1545-9993
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/10230/36541
dc.description.abstract Many genomic alterations associated with human diseases localize in noncoding regulatory elements located far from the promoters they regulate, making it challenging to link noncoding mutations or risk-associated variants with target genes. The range of action of a given set of enhancers is thought to be defined by insulator elements bound by the 11 zinc-finger nuclear factor CCCTC-binding protein (CTCF). Here we analyzed the genomic distribution of CTCF in various human, mouse and chicken cell types, demonstrating the existence of evolutionarily conserved CTCF-bound sites beyond mammals. These sites preferentially flank transcription factor–encoding genes, often associated with human diseases, and function as enhancer blockers in vivo, suggesting that they act as evolutionarily invariant gene boundaries. We then applied this concept to predict and functionally demonstrate that the polymorphic variants associated with multiple sclerosis located within the EVI5 gene impinge on the adjacent gene GFI1.
dc.description.sponsorship This research was supported by the following grants: BFU2007-60042/BMC, BFU2010-14839, Petri PET2007_0158, CONSOLIDER CSD2007-00008 (Spanish Ministerio de Ciencia e Innovación (MICINN)) and Proyecto de Excelencia CVI-3488 (Junta de Andalucía) to J.L.G.-S.; BFU2009-07044 (MICINN) and Proyecto de Excelencia CVI 2658 (Junta de Andalucía) to F.C.; FIS PI081636 (ISCIII) to F.M.; PN-SAF2009-11491 (MICINN) and Proyecto de Excelencia P07-CVI-02551 (Junta de Andalucía) to A.A.; BFU2008-00838, CONSOLIDER CSD2007-00008 (MICINN), Regional Government of Madrid (CAM S-SAL-0190-2006) and the Pro-CNIC Foundation to M.M.; BFU2006-12185 and BIO2009-12697 (MICINN) to L.M.; Dirección General de Asuntos del Personal Académico, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México (IN209403, IN214407 and IN203811) and Consejo Nacional de Ciencia y Tecnología, México (CONACyT: 42653-Q, 58767 and 128464) to F.R.-T.; Intramural Research Program of the US NCBI (NIH) to I.O. and BIO2006-03380, CONSOLIDER CSD2007-00050 (MICINN) and RETICS RD07/0067/0012 (Spanish MICINN) to R.G. L.M. thanks A. Fernández for technical assistance and L. Barrios for statistical analysis. F.R.-T. thanks G.G. Avendaño for technical assistance.
dc.format.mimetype application/pdf
dc.language.iso eng
dc.publisher Nature Research
dc.relation.ispartof Nat Struct Mol Biol. 2011; 18(6):708-14
dc.rights © Springer Nature Publishing AG. Martin D, Pantoja C, Fernández Miñán A, Valdes-Quezada C, Moltó E, Matesanz F et al. Genome-wide CTCF distribution in vertebrates defines equivalent sites that aid the identification of disease-associated genes. Nat Struct Mol Biol. 2011; 18(6):708-14. DOI 10.1038/nsmb.2059 [http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/nsmb.2059]
dc.title Genome-wide CTCF distribution in vertebrates defines equivalent sites that aid the identification of disease-associated genes
dc.type info:eu-repo/semantics/article
dc.identifier.doi http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/nsmb.2059
dc.subject.keyword Disease genetics
dc.subject.keyword Multiple sclerosis
dc.relation.projectID info:eu-repo/grantAgreement/ES/3PN/BFU2010-14839
dc.relation.projectID info:eu-repo/grantAgreement/ES/3PN/BFU2009-07044
dc.relation.projectID info:eu-repo/grantAgreement/ES/3PN/BFU2008-00838
dc.relation.projectID info:eu-repo/grantAgreement/ES/2PN/BFU2006-12185
dc.relation.projectID info:eu-repo/grantAgreement/ES/3PN/BIO2009-12697
dc.relation.projectID info:eu-repo/grantAgreement/ES/2PN/BIO2006-03380
dc.rights.accessRights info:eu-repo/semantics/openAccess
dc.type.version info:eu-repo/semantics/acceptedVersion


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