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Dietary flavonoids of Spanish youth: intakes, sources, and association with the Mediterranean diet

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dc.contributor.author Bawaked, Rowaedh Ahmed, 1985-
dc.contributor.author Schröder, Helmut, 1958-
dc.contributor.author Ribas Barba, Lourdes
dc.contributor.author Cárdenas Fuentes, Gabriela, 1985-
dc.contributor.author Peña-Quintana, Luis
dc.contributor.author Pérez Rodrigo, Carmen
dc.contributor.author Fitó Colomer, Montserrat
dc.contributor.author Serra Majem, Lluís
dc.date.accessioned 2018-07-12T08:25:26Z
dc.date.available 2018-07-12T08:25:26Z
dc.date.issued 2017
dc.identifier.citation Bawaked RA, Schröder H, Ribas-Barba L, Cárdenas G, Peña-Quintana L, Pérez-Rodrigo C. et al. Dietary flavonoids of Spanish youth: intakes, sources, and association with the Mediterranean diet. PeerJ. 2017 May 17;5:e3304. DOI: 10.7717/peerj.3304
dc.identifier.issn 2167-8359
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/10230/35139
dc.description.abstract BACKGROUND: Plant-based diets have been linked to high diet quality and reduced risk of cardiovascular diseases. The health impact of plant-based diets might be partially explained by the concomitant intake of flavonoids. Estimation of flavonoids intake in adults has been important for the development of dietary recommendations and interventions for the prevention of weight gain and its consequences. However, estimation of flavonoids intake in children and adolescents is limited. METHODS: Average daily intake and sources of flavonoids were estimated for a representative national sample of 3,534 children and young people in Spain, aged 2-24 years. The data was collected between 1998 and 2000 by 24-h recalls. The Phenol-Explorer database and the USDA database on flavonoids content were used. Adherence to the Mediterranean diet was measured by the KIDMED index. RESULTS: The mean and median intakes of total flavonoids were 70.7 and 48.1 mg/day, respectively. The most abundant flavonoid class was flavan-3-ols (35.7%), with fruit being the top food source of flavonoids intake (42.8%). Total flavonoids intake was positively associated with the KIDMED index (p < 0.001). CONCLUSION: The results of this study provide primary information about flavonoids intake and main food sources in Spanish children, adolescents and young adults. Participants with high daily mean intake of flavonoids have higher adherence to the Mediterranean diet.
dc.format.mimetype application/pdf
dc.language.iso eng
dc.publisher PeerJ open
dc.relation.ispartof PeerJ. 2017 May 17;5:e3304
dc.rights Copyright ©2017 Bawaked et al. This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, reproduction and adaptation in any medium and for any purpose provided that it is properly attributed. For attribution, the original author(s), title, publication source (PeerJ) and either DOI or URL of the article must be cited.
dc.rights.uri https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/
dc.subject.other Dieta mediterrània
dc.subject.other Flavonoides
dc.subject.other Infants -- Alimentació
dc.subject.other Adolescents -- Alimentació
dc.title Dietary flavonoids of Spanish youth: intakes, sources, and association with the Mediterranean diet
dc.type info:eu-repo/semantics/article
dc.identifier.doi http://dx.doi.org/10.7717/peerj.3304
dc.subject.keyword Adolescents
dc.subject.keyword Children
dc.subject.keyword Flavan-3-ols
dc.subject.keyword Flavonoids
dc.subject.keyword Flavonoids intake
dc.subject.keyword KIDMED index
dc.subject.keyword Mediterranean diet
dc.subject.keyword Plant-based diets
dc.rights.accessRights info:eu-repo/semantics/openAccess
dc.type.version info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion


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