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Investigating fuel and fireplaces with a combination of phytoliths and multi-element analysis; an ethnographic experiment

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dc.contributor.author Lancelotti, Carla
dc.contributor.author Ruiz Pérez, Javier
dc.contributor.author García-Granero Fos, Juan José
dc.date.accessioned 2017-04-19T09:50:15Z
dc.date.issued 2016
dc.identifier.citation Lancelotti C, Ruiz-Pérez J, García-Granero JJ. Investigating fuel and fireplaces with a combination of phytoliths and multi-element analysis; an ethnographic experiment. Veg Hist Archaeobot. 2016;26(1):75-83. DOI: 10.1007/s00334-016-0574-y
dc.identifier.issn 0939-6314
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/10230/30839
dc.description.abstract The identification of fuel-related practices in archaeological contexts is almost always associated with the identification of fire-related structures. Charcoal analysis is the standard method of identifying wood use in the past; however, in many circumstances wood was not the primary source of fuel. In arid and semi-arid environments alternative fuels such as dung, chaff and straw and, in general, plant processing by-products were predominant. The study of these types of fuel often necessitates the application of multi-proxy analyses, involving botanical micro-remains and geochemistry. This paper presents the results of an integrated analysis of phytoliths and chemical elements of samples collected in a modern ethnographic context, a domestic compound, in North Gujarat, India. Alternative fuels have been and are still very important in this area due to the scarcity of wood and the recent ban on cutting trees imposed by the government. Within the house studied, three fireplaces were present where different types of activities were performed selectively. The differential use of fuels in the three fireplaces is highlighted by the results of descriptive and multivariate statistics. However, the opposite geochemical signals that the fireplaces produced, when they should have been similar, would be difficult to interpret in an archaeological context where the practices that had produced such signals are unknown. The combination of phytoliths and geochemistry, coupled with the ethnographic information on the activity, can help us to construct better models to help interpret the archaeological record.
dc.description.sponsorship This research was carried out within the framework of the projects MoMArq (Spanish Ministry of Economy and Competitiveness, HAR2014-55518-P) and NoGAP (Ministry of Economy and Competitiveness HAR2010-16052 and CONSOLIDER INGENIO CSD2010-00034; the Spanish Ministry of Education, Culture and Sport through the Program Ayudas para Proyectos Arqueologicos en el Exterior 2009–2010; and the EXCAVA 2009 program of the Generalitat de Catalunya). JJGG was supported by a JAE PreDOC Doctoral Scholarship (Spanish National Research Council and European Fund).
dc.format.mimetype application/pdf
dc.language.iso eng
dc.publisher Springer
dc.relation.ispartof Vegetation History and Archaeobotany. 2016;26(1):75-83.
dc.rights © Springer The final publication is available at Springer via http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00334-016-0574-y.
dc.title Investigating fuel and fireplaces with a combination of phytoliths and multi-element analysis; an ethnographic experiment
dc.type info:eu-repo/semantics/article
dc.identifier.doi http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00334-016-0574-y
dc.subject.keyword Fuel
dc.subject.keyword Phytoliths
dc.subject.keyword Ethnography
dc.subject.keyword Geochemistry
dc.subject.keyword India
dc.subject.keyword Anthropic activity markers
dc.relation.projectID info:eu-repo/grantAgreement/ES/1PE/HAR2014-55518-P
dc.relation.projectID info:eu-repo/grantAgreement/ES/3PN/HAR2010-16052
dc.rights.accessRights info:eu-repo/semantics/openAccess
dc.type.version info:eu-repo/semantics/acceptedVersion


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