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Neurodevelopmental deceleration by urban fine particles from different emission sources: a longitudinal observational study.

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dc.contributor.author Basagaña Flores, Xavier
dc.contributor.author Esnaola, Mikel
dc.contributor.author Rivas, Ioar
dc.contributor.author Amato, Fulvio
dc.contributor.author Álvarez Pedrerol, Mar
dc.contributor.author Forns i Guzman, Joan, 1981-
dc.contributor.author López Vicente, Mònica, 1988-
dc.contributor.author Pujol Martí, Jesús, 1981-
dc.contributor.author Nieuwenhuijsen, Mark J.
dc.contributor.author Querol, Xavier
dc.contributor.author Sunyer Deu, Jordi
dc.date.accessioned 2016-10-21T10:25:27Z
dc.date.available 2016-10-21T10:25:27Z
dc.date.issued 2016
dc.identifier.citation Basagaña X, Esnaola M, Rivas I, Amato F, Alvarez-Pedrerol M, Forns J, Neurodevelopmental deceleration by urban fine particles from different emission sources: a longitudinal observational study. Environ Health Perspect. 2016 Oct;124(10):1630-6. DOI: 10.1289/EHP209
dc.identifier.issn 0091-6765
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/10230/27421
dc.description.abstract BACKGROUND: A few studies have reported associations between traffic-related air pollution exposure at schools and cognitive development. The role of PM components or sources other than traffic on cognitive development has been little explored. OBJECTIVES: We aimed to explore the role of PM sources in school air on cognitive development. METHODS: A cohort of 2,618 schoolchildren (average age, 8.5 years) belonging to 39 schools in Barcelona (Spain) was followed up for a year. Children completed computerized tests assessing working memory, superior working memory, and inattentiveness during four visits. Particulate matter ≤ 2.5 μm (PM2.5) was measured during two 1-week campaigns in each school, both outdoors and in the classroom. Source apportionment resulted in nine sources: mineral, organic/textile/chalk, traffic, secondary sulfate and organics, secondary nitrate, road dust, metallurgy, sea spray, and heavy oil combustion. Differences in cognitive growth trajectories were assessed with mixed models with age-by-source interaction terms. RESULTS: An interquartile range increase in indoor traffic-related PM2.5 was associated with reductions in cognitive growth equivalent to 22% (95% CI: 2%, 42%) of the annual change in working memory, 30% (95% CI: 6%, 54%) of the annual change in superior working memory, and 11% (95% CI: 0%, 22%) of the annual change in the inattentiveness scale. None of the other PM2.5 sources was associated with adverse effects on cognitive development. CONCLUSIONS: Traffic was the only source of fine particles associated with a reduction in cognitive development. Reducing air pollution from traffic at primary schools may result in beneficial effects on cognition.
dc.description.sponsorship This work was supported by the European Research Council under the ERC [grant number 268479] – the BREATHE project. Fulvio Amato is beneficiary of the Juan de la Cierva postdoctoral Grant (JCI-2012-13473) from the Spanish Ministry of Economy and Competitiveness. We are acknowledged with all the families participating into the study for their altruism and particularly to the schools Antoni Brusi, Baloo, Betània – Patmos, Centre d’estudis Montseny, Col.legi Shalom, Costa i Llobera, El sagrer, Els Llorers, Escola Pia de Sarrià, Escola Pia Balmes, Escola concertada Ramon Llull, Escola Lourdes, Escola Tècnica Professional del Clot, Ferran i Clua, Francesc Macià, Frederic Mistral, Infant Jesús, Joan Maragall, Jovellanos, La Llacuna del Poblenou, Lloret, Menéndez Pidal, Nuestra Señora del Rosario, Miralletes, Ramon Llull, Rius i Taulet, Pau Vila, Pere Vila, Pi d'en Xandri, Projecte, Prosperitat, Sant Ramon Nonat - Sagrat Cor, Santa Anna, Sant Gregori, Sagrat Cor Diputació, Tres Pins, Tomàs Moro, Torrent d'en Melis, Virolai. We also acknowledge the ESCAPE project for the design and supervision modelling of air pollution. Furthermore, Xavier Mayoral did the technical development of the n-back test; Cecilia Persavento, Judit Gonzalez, Laura Bouso and Pere Figueras contributed to the field work.
dc.format.mimetype application/pdf
dc.language.iso eng
dc.publisher National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences
dc.relation.ispartof Environ Health Perspect. 2016 Oct;124(10):1630-6
dc.rights Reproduced from Environmental Health Perspectives http://dx.doi.org/10.1289/EHP209
dc.subject.other Aire -- Contaminació
dc.subject.other Infants -- Desenvolupament
dc.title Neurodevelopmental deceleration by urban fine particles from different emission sources: a longitudinal observational study.
dc.type info:eu-repo/semantics/article
dc.identifier.doi http://dx.doi.org/10.1289/EHP209
dc.relation.projectID info:eu-repo/grantAgreement/EC/FP7/268479
dc.rights.accessRights info:eu-repo/semantics/openAccess
dc.type.version info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion


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