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Association of long-term exposure to traffic-related air pollution with blood pressure and hypertension in an adult population-based cohort in Spain (the REGICOR study)

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dc.contributor.author Foraster Pulido, Maria, 1984-
dc.contributor.author Basagaña Flores, Xavier
dc.contributor.author Aguilera Jiménez, Inmaculada, 1977-
dc.contributor.author Rivera, Marcela, 1982-
dc.contributor.author Agis, David
dc.contributor.author Bouso, Laura
dc.contributor.author Deltell, Alexandre
dc.contributor.author Marrugat de la Iglesia, Jaume
dc.contributor.author Ramos, Rafel
dc.contributor.author Sunyer Deu, Jordi
dc.contributor.author Vila, Joan
dc.contributor.author Elosua Llanos, Roberto
dc.contributor.author Künzli, Nino
dc.date.accessioned 2015-04-13T07:30:00Z
dc.date.available 2015-04-13T07:30:00Z
dc.date.issued 2014
dc.identifier.citation Foraster M, Basagana X, Aguilera I, Rivera M, Agis D, Bouso L et al. Association of long-term exposure to traffic-related air pollution with blood pressure and hypertension in an adult population-based cohort in Spain (the REGICOR study). Environmental Health Perspectives. 2014; 122(4): 404-411. DOI 10.1289/ehp.1306497
dc.identifier.issn 0091-6765
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/10230/23393
dc.description.abstract Background: Long-term exposure to traffic-related air pollution may increase blood pressure (BP) and induce hypertension. However, evidence supporting these associations is limited, and they may be confounded by exposure to traffic noise and biased due to inappropriate control for use of BP-lowering medications. Objectives: We evaluated the associations of long-term traffic-related air pollution with BP and prevalent hypertension, adjusting for transportation noise and assessing different methodologies to control for BP-lowering medications. Methods: We measured systolic (SBP) and diastolic BP (DBP) at baseline (years 2003–2005) in 3,700 participants, 35–83 years of age, from a population-based cohort in Spain. We estimated home outdoor annual average concentrations of nitrogen dioxide (NO2) with a land-use regression model. We used multivariate linear and logistic regression. Results: A 10-μg/m3 increase in NO2 levels was associated with 1.34 mmHg (95% CI: 0.14, 2.55) higher SBP in nonmedicated individuals, after adjusting for transportation noise. Results were similar in the entire population after adjusting for medication, as commonly done, but weaker when other methods were used to account for medication use. For example, when 10 mmHg were added to the measured SBP levels of medicated participants, the association was β = 0.78 (95% CI: –0.43, 2.00). NO2 was not associated with hypertension. Associations of NO2 with SBP and DBP were stronger in participants with cardiovascular disease, and the association with SBP was stronger in those exposed to high traffic density and traffic noise levels ≥ 55 dB(A). Conclusions: We observed a positive association between long-term exposure to NO2 and SBP, after adjustment for transportation noise, which was sensitive to the methodology used to account for medication.
dc.description.sponsorship This study was supported by funding from Marató 081632, Centre for Research in Environmental Epidemiology (CREAL) Pilot Project Funds 2009; Centro de Investigación Biomédica de Epidemiología y Salud Pública (CIBERESP) Pilot Project Funds 2008 (AA08_15); Instituto de Salud Carlos III (ISCIII): Fondo de Investigación Sanitaria (FIS) PI060258, Red de Investigación Cardiovascular–Programa Heracles RD 12/0042, Red de Investigación en Actividades Preventivas y Promoción de la Salud (RedIAPP) RD 06/0018, and a fellowship to M.F.; Agence Nationale de Sécurité Sanitaire de l’Alimentation, de l’Environnement et du Travail (ANSES) CREAL 0966C0331 for the “Projet Tri-national Trafic, Air, Bruit et Santé” (TRI-TABS) study; and the Young Researchers Exchange Programme of the European Network on Noise and Health (ENNAH)
dc.format.mimetype application/pdf
dc.language.iso eng
dc.publisher National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences (NIEHS)
dc.relation.ispartof Environmental Health Perspectives. 2014; 122(4): 404-411
dc.rights Reproduced with permission from Environmental Health Perspectives
dc.subject.other Aire -- Contaminació -- Efectes fisiològics -- Epidemiologia
dc.subject.other Hipertensió
dc.title Association of long-term exposure to traffic-related air pollution with blood pressure and hypertension in an adult population-based cohort in Spain (the REGICOR study)
dc.type info:eu-repo/semantics/article
dc.identifier.doi http://dx.doi.org/10.1289/ehp.1306497
dc.rights.accessRights info:eu-repo/semantics/openAccess
dc.type.version info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion


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