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Migration shocks and occupational downgrading: evidence from Venezuelan migrants in Chile

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dc.contributor.author Agarwal, Sunidhi
dc.contributor.author Ariznavarreta, Ignacio
dc.contributor.author Chamseddine, Nour
dc.contributor.author Gonçalves, Ricardo
dc.contributor.author Oliva, Ignacio
dc.date.accessioned 2022-11-22T11:46:38Z
dc.date.available 2022-11-22T11:46:38Z
dc.date.issued 2022-07
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/10230/54972
dc.description Treball fi de màster de: Master's Degree in Economics and Finance. Curs 2021-2022
dc.description Tutor: Isaac Bailey
dc.description.abstract The following paper examines the downgrading in job status that immigrant workers suffer when settling in a new country. We consider the massive Venezuelan exodus and the impacts this shock had on the job outcomes of migrants who settled in Chile. Our approach is based on linear regression analysis and multinomial logistic regression models to estimate the penalty immigrants face. To this end, we use household-level data and employ two job-status indexes. Results show that migrants who arrived before the 2015 Venezuelan crisis did not face significant downgrading. However, migrants who have arrived after 2015 do. Findings are relevant to understanding the impact of massive and sudden migratory shocks.
dc.description.abstract En el siguiente artículo se estudia la degradación profesional que sufren migrantes. Este fenómeno consiste en acceder a puestos de trabajo para el cual se está sobrecalificado. Nos centramos en el caso de migrantes venezolanos residentes en Chile, quienes han migrado de forma masiva desde 2015 debido a la crisis que atraviesa el país. Utilizamos OLS y modelos MNL para estimar cuánta degradación sufre este grupo. Los datos provienen de encuestas a nivel hogar y las variables dependientes consisten en dos índices laborales. Como resultado encontramos que aquellos migrantes venezolanos que llegaron a Chile antes de 2015 no sufren degradación, mientras que aquellos que llegaron después, sí. Estos resultados son relevantes para entender los efectos de shocks migratorios.
dc.format.mimetype application/pdf
dc.language.iso eng
dc.rights Atribución-NoComercial-SinDerivadas 3.0 España
dc.rights.uri http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/3.0/es/
dc.subject.other Treball de fi de màster – Curs 2021-2022
dc.title Migration shocks and occupational downgrading: evidence from Venezuelan migrants in Chile
dc.type info:eu-repo/semantics/masterThesis
dc.subject.keyword Migratory shocks
dc.subject.keyword Occupational downgrading
dc.subject.keyword ISEI index
dc.subject.keyword EGP class-schema
dc.subject.keyword Shock migratorio
dc.subject.keyword Degradación ocupacional
dc.subject.keyword Índice ISEI
dc.subject.keyword Esquema de clases EGP
dc.rights.accessRights info:eu-repo/semantics/openAccess

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