Show simple item record Bland, Clarice 2021-12-20T14:57:48Z 2021-12-20T14:57:48Z 2020
dc.description.abstract Spiritualist séances in Victorian England often brought forth spirit guides of a variety of races, ages and personalities. One such spirit was that of the Native American, which was commonplace in American séances, but rather unusual in England. This article, using the theory of colonial discourse and hybridization by Homi Bhabha, elaborates on how the mediums used Native American spirits to further stereotypes about them, producing a hybridity which used both characteristics of the colonizer and the colonized. Official Spiritualist doctrine held that all races were equal, yet the Spiritualists still produced Eurocentric discourse around people who were seen to be more spiritual than others. Native American spirits in English séances did not produce the same anxieties as their American counterparts, resulting in Native American spirits adopting traits that the English Spiritualists both admired and feared. The most common way to fuse a spirit and their medium’s identity was through vocal hybridization, which included a broken mix of languages and accents.
dc.format application/pdf
dc.publisher Universitat Pompeu Fabra
dc.source.uri Entremons: UPF Journal of World History; 2020: Núm. 11; 123-141
dc.source.uri 2014-5217
dc.subject.other Native Americans, Spiritualism, England, hybridity, colonialism, voice
dc.title "This child of nature”
dc.type info:eu-repo/semantics/article
dc.type info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion
dc.type ##rt.metadata.pkp.peerReviewed## 2020-10-28T17:57:23Z

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