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dc.contributor.author Sala-i-Martin, Xavier
dc.contributor.other Universitat Pompeu Fabra. Departament d'Economia i Empresa
dc.date.accessioned 2020-05-25T09:27:04Z
dc.date.available 2020-05-25T09:27:04Z
dc.date.issued 1995-09-01
dc.identifier https://econ-papers.upf.edu/ca/paper.php?id=139
dc.identifier.citation IMF Staff Papers, 44, 1, (1997), pp. 81-102
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/10230/20840
dc.description.abstract The role of social safety nets in the form of redistributional transfers and wage subsidies is analyzed using a simple model of criminal behavior. It is argued that public welfare programs act as a crime--preventing or disruption--preventing devices because they tend to increase the opportunity cost of engaging in crime or disruptive activities. It is shown that, in the presence of a leisure choice, wage subsidies may be better than pure transfers. Using a simple growth model, it is shown that it is not optimal for the government to try to fully eliminate crime. The optimal size of the public welfare program is found and it is argued that public welfare should be financed with income (not lump--sum) taxes, despite the fact that income taxes are distortionary. The intuition for this result is that income taxes act as a user fee on congested public goods and transfers can be thought of as {\it productive} public goods {\it subject to congestion}. Finally, using a cross-section of 75 countries, the partial correlation between transfers and growth is shown to be significantly positive.
dc.format.mimetype application/pdf
dc.language.iso eng
dc.relation.ispartofseries Economics and Business Working Papers Series; 139
dc.rights L'accés als continguts d'aquest document queda condicionat a l'acceptació de les condicions d'ús establertes per la següent llicència Creative Commons
dc.rights.uri http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/3.0/es/
dc.title Transfers, social safety nets and economic growth
dc.type info:eu-repo/semantics/workingPaper
dc.date.modified 2020-05-25T09:16:33Z
dc.subject.keyword Macroeconomics and International Economics
dc.rights.accessRights info:eu-repo/semantics/openAccess

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