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What is the impact of job precariousness on depression? Risk assessment and attributable fraction in Spain

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dc.contributor.author Belvis, Francesc Xavier
dc.contributor.author Muntané Isart, Ferran
dc.contributor.author Muntaner, Carles B.
dc.contributor.author Benach, Joan
dc.contributor.author The PRESME Research Group
dc.date.accessioned 2024-05-15T10:49:30Z
dc.date.available 2024-05-15T10:49:30Z
dc.date.issued 2024
dc.identifier.citation Belvis F, Muntané F, Muntaner C, Benach J, The PRESME Research Group. What is the impact of job precariousness on depression? Risk assessment and attributable fraction in Spain. Public health. 2024 Jun;231:154-7. DOI: 10.1016/j.puhe.2024.03.019
dc.identifier.issn 0033-3506
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/10230/60154
dc.description.abstract Objectives The prevalence of depression related to precarious employment (PE) has become a significant public health concern, given the declining trend of the standard employment relationship. Research has focused on the mental health detrimental effects of employment conditions, whereas there is scarce evidence concerning the burden of depression that could be prevented by targeting precariousness. This paper estimates the impact of PE on the risk of depression and the attributable fraction within the active and working salaried population in Spain. Study design Observational cross-sectional on data drawn from the Spanish portion of European Health Survey 2020. Methods After applying selection criteria and descriptives, binary logistic regression models stratified by sex are used to examine the associations between a 9-categories combination of employment precariousness and occupational social class, and depressive symptoms. Results There is a higher risk of depression among individuals in PE and among those who are unemployed, with a notable gradient based on occupational social class for women. Adjusting by sex, age and foreign-born origin, we estimate that approximately 15.0% (95% confidence interval [CI]: 1.0%–26.2%) of depression cases among the working population and 33.3% (95% CI: 23.2%-43.2) among the active population can be attributed to PE. Conclusions These findings highlight the public health impact of PE on mental health, provide evidence to estimate the economic burden linked to employment-related mental health, and underscore the need for policy changes and interventions at the level of labour markets and workplaces to mitigate the detrimental effects of PE.
dc.format.mimetype application/pdf
dc.language.iso eng
dc.publisher Elsevier
dc.relation.ispartof Public health. 2024 Jun;231:154-7
dc.rights © 2024 The Authors. Published by Elsevier Ltd on behalf of The Royal Society for Public Health. This is an open access article under the CC BY-NC-ND license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/).
dc.rights.uri http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/
dc.title What is the impact of job precariousness on depression? Risk assessment and attributable fraction in Spain
dc.type info:eu-repo/semantics/article
dc.identifier.doi http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.puhe.2024.03.019
dc.subject.keyword Depression
dc.subject.keyword Mental health
dc.subject.keyword Precarious employment
dc.subject.keyword Unemployment
dc.subject.keyword Population attributable risk
dc.subject.keyword Public mental health
dc.subject.keyword Occupational health
dc.rights.accessRights info:eu-repo/semantics/openAccess
dc.type.version info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion

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