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Understanding non‐normative civil resistance under repression: evidence from Hong Kong and Chile

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dc.contributor.author Li, Mengyao
dc.contributor.author Adra, Aya
dc.contributor.author Yuen, Samson
dc.contributor.author Vargas Salfate, Salvador
dc.contributor.author Chan, Ka-Ming
dc.contributor.author Baumert, Anna
dc.date.accessioned 2024-04-08T05:44:37Z
dc.date.available 2024-04-08T05:44:37Z
dc.date.issued 2023
dc.identifier.citation Li M, Adra A, Yuen S, Vargas S, Chan KM, Baumert A. Understanding non‐normative civil resistance under repression: evidence from Hong Kong and Chile. Political Psychology. 2023 Oct 04. DOI: 10.1111/pops.12933
dc.identifier.issn 0162-895X
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/10230/59667
dc.description Data de publicació electrònica: 04-10-2023
dc.description Includes supplementary materials for the online appendix.
dc.description.abstract The present research examined the psychological processes underlying engagement in non-normative forms of resistance and the role of repression. We conducted two studies in the contexts of two distinct social movements, both characterized by high levels of repression— the Anti-Extradition Law Amendment Bill Movement in Hong Kong and the “Chilean Spring” protests of 2019–2020. First, we tested whether non-normative resistance was motivated by (1) moralization of non-normative actions (moralization hypothesis), (2) perceived low efficacy of normative actions and lack of hope (nothing-to-lose hypothesis), or (3) perceived efficacy of non-normative actions in achieving movement goals (strategic choice hypothesis). Our results provided converging evidence for the moralization and strategic choice hypotheses, but not the nothing-to-lose hypothesis. Furthermore, we proposed and provided evidence for a model of movement escalation, whereby experiences of police violence predicted stronger willingness to engage in future non-normative actions via heightened motivations for non-normative resistance and increased risk perceptions. Taken together, these findings illuminate that repression in the form of coercive police violence may be ineffective in quelling social unrest. Rather, it can contribute to the radicalization of protesters. Potential boundary conditions and cross-contextual generalizability of the current results are discussed.
dc.format.mimetype application/pdf
dc.language.iso eng
dc.publisher Wiley
dc.relation.ispartof Political Psychology. 2023 Oct 04
dc.rights © 2023 The Authors. Political Psychology published by Wiley Periodicals LLC on behalf of International Society of Political Psychology. This is an open access article under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial License, which permits use, distribution and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited and is not used for commercial purposes.
dc.rights.uri http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/
dc.title Understanding non‐normative civil resistance under repression: evidence from Hong Kong and Chile
dc.type info:eu-repo/semantics/article
dc.identifier.doi http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/pops.12933
dc.subject.keyword Radicalization
dc.subject.keyword Repression
dc.subject.keyword Resistance and collective action
dc.subject.keyword Risk perception
dc.subject.keyword Social movement
dc.rights.accessRights info:eu-repo/semantics/openAccess
dc.type.version info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion


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