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Haemodynamic changes in the fetal circulation post-connection to an artificial placenta: a computational modelling study

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dc.contributor.author Villanueva, M. Inmaculada
dc.contributor.author López, Marc
dc.contributor.author Sánchez, Sergio
dc.contributor.author García Cañadilla, Patricia, 1985-
dc.contributor.author Randanne, Paula C.
dc.contributor.author Hawkins, Ameth
dc.contributor.author Eixarch, Elisenda
dc.contributor.author Bonet-Carne, Elisenda
dc.contributor.author Gratacós Solsona, Eduard
dc.contributor.author Crispi Brillas, Fàtima
dc.contributor.author Bijnens, Bart
dc.contributor.author Bernardino Perez, Gabriel
dc.date.accessioned 2024-03-01T07:32:44Z
dc.date.available 2024-03-01T07:32:44Z
dc.date.issued 2022
dc.identifier.citation Villanueva MI, López M, Sánchez S, García Cañadilla P, Randanne PC, Hawkins A, et al. Haemodynamic Changes in the Fetal Circulation Post-connection to an Artificial Placenta: A Computational Modelling Study. In: Camara O, Puyol-Antón E, Qin C, Sermesant M, Suinesiaputra A, Wang S, Young A, eds. STACOM 2022: Statistical Atlases and Computational Models of the Heart. Regular and CMRxMotion Challenge Papers; 2022 Sep 18; Singapore. Cham: Springer; 2022. p. 46-55. DOI: 10.1007/978-3-031-23443-9_5
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/10230/59303
dc.description Comunicació presentada a 13th International Workshop, STACOM 2022, Held in Conjunction with MICCAI 2022, celebrada el 18 de setembre de 2022 a Singapur.
dc.description.abstract Artificial placenta (AP) is a promising approach to improve survival in extremely premature fetuses, removing them from the uterus and replacing the placenta by an external oxygenator. In in vivo experiments with lambs, haemodynamic changes were observed in the umbilical artery (UA) post-connection to the AP: decrease in flow pulsatility index (PI), increase in mean pressure and heart rate, and flatter diastolic flow with a secondary peak. Computational models can help to understand the causes of observed phenomena. Therefore, the clinical objective of this work was to investigate the causes of the aforementioned changes in UA velocity, while the methodological objective was to implement a computational model capable of reproducing the behaviour of an AP. We used a closed lumped model of the whole fetal circulation, modified to include the AP, and tested the haemodynamic changes in the UA after altering heart rate and AP’s resistance and compliance. We also added a simple wave reflection model and studied its effect on pressure and flow traces. We found that reducing AP’s resistance increased mean flow, and reducing compliance decreased velocity PI. When adding the reflection model, the flatter diastolic flow observed in the UA was reproduced. This study suggests that the observed haemodynamics changes in the UA post-connection to the AP are due to a combination of decreased compliance and resistance, as well as wave reflections from components within the AP circuit.
dc.format.mimetype application/pdf
dc.language.iso eng
dc.publisher Springer
dc.relation.ispartof Camara O, Puyol-Antón E, Qin C, Sermesant M, Suinesiaputra A, Wang S, Young A, eds. STACOM 2022: Statistical Atlases and Computational Models of the Heart. Regular and CMRxMotion Challenge Papers; 2022 Sep 18; Singapore. Cham: Springer; 2022. p. 46-55.
dc.rights © Springer This is a author's accepted manuscript of: Villanueva MI, López M, Sánchez S, García Cañadilla P, Randanne PC, Hawkins A, et al. Haemodynamic Changes in the Fetal Circulation Post-connection to an Artificial Placenta: A Computational Modelling Study. In: STACOM 2022: Statistical Atlases and Computational Models of the Heart. Regular and CMRxMotion Challenge Papers; 2022 Sep 18; Singapore. Cham: Springer; 2022. p. 46-55. DOI: 10.1007/978-3-031-23443-9_5
dc.title Haemodynamic changes in the fetal circulation post-connection to an artificial placenta: a computational modelling study
dc.type info:eu-repo/semantics/conferenceObject
dc.identifier.doi http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/978-3-031-23443-9_5
dc.subject.keyword Artificial placenta
dc.subject.keyword Fetal cardiology
dc.subject.keyword Lumped cardiovascular model
dc.subject.keyword Ultrasound
dc.subject.keyword Wave reflection
dc.rights.accessRights info:eu-repo/semantics/embargoedAccess
dc.type.version info:eu-repo/semantics/acceptedVersion

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