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An isotopic study of palaeodiet at the Circle and the Xemxija tombs

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dc.contributor.author McLaughlin, Rowan
dc.contributor.author Power, Ronika K.
dc.contributor.author Mercieca-Spiteri, Bernardette
dc.contributor.author Parkinson, Eóin W.
dc.contributor.author Lightfoot, Emma
dc.contributor.author Varalli, Alessandra
dc.contributor.author Thompson, Jess E.
dc.contributor.author Kneale, Catherine J.
dc.contributor.author O’Connell, Tamsin C.
dc.contributor.author Reimer, Paula J.
dc.contributor.author Stoddart, Simon
dc.contributor.author Malone, Caroline
dc.date.accessioned 2024-02-19T08:25:50Z
dc.date.available 2024-02-19T08:25:50Z
dc.date.issued 2022
dc.identifier.citation McLaughlin R, Power RK, Mercieca-Spiteri B, Parkinson EW, Lightfoot E, Varalli A, et al. An isotopic study of palaeodiet at the Circle and the Xemxija tombs. In: Stoddart S, Power RK, Thompson JE, Mercieca-Spiteri B, McLaughlin R, Parkinson EW, Pace A, Malone C. Temple people: bioarchaeology, resilience and culture in prehistoric. Malta: McDonald Institute for Archaeological Research. 2022; p. 295-302.
dc.identifier.isbn 978-1-913344-08-5
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/10230/59135
dc.description.abstract The ERC-funded FRAGSUS Project (Fragility and sustainability in small island environments: adaptation, culture change and collapse in prehistory, 2013–18) led by Caroline Malone has focused on the unique Temple Culture of Neolithic Malta and its antecedents. This third volume builds on the achievements of Mortuary customs in prehistoric Malta, published by the McDonald Institute in 2009. It seeks to answer many questions posed, but left unanswered, of the more than 200,000 fragments of mainly commingled human remains from the Xagħra Brochtorff Circle on Gozo. The focus is on the interpretation of a substantial, representative subsample of the assemblage, exploring dentition, disease, diet and lifestyle, together with detailed understanding of chronology and the affinity of the ancient population associated with the ‘Temple Culture’ of prehistoric Malta. The first studies of genetic profiling of this population, as well as the results of intra-site GIS and visualization, taphonomy, health and mobility, offer important insights into this complex mortuary site and its ritual. Remarkable evidence on the bioanthropology of care practised by these populations, together with a relatively low level of interpersonal violence, and examples of longevity, reveal new aspects about the Neolithic Maltese. Detailed case studies employing computerized tomography describe disease such as =scurvy and explore dietary issues, whilst physical activity and body size have been assessed through biomechanical analysis, supported by taphonomic study, isotopic analyses, a review of mortuary practices during prehistory and a robust new chronology. The results form a rich contextualized body of material that advances understanding of cultural change within the context of small island insularity, and provides biological comparisons for the graphic figurative art of early Malta. These data and the original assemblage are conserved in the National Museum of Archaeology in Valletta as a resource for future study.
dc.description.sponsorship This project has received funding from the European Research Council (ERC) under the European Union’s Seventh Framework Programme (FP7-2007-2013) (Grant agreement No. 323727).
dc.format.mimetype application/pdf
dc.language.iso eng
dc.publisher McDonald Institute for Archaeological Research
dc.relation.ispartof Stoddart S, Power RK, Thompson JE, Mercieca-Spiteri B, McLaughlin R, Parkinson EW, Pace A, Malone C. Temple people: bioarchaeology, resilience and culture in prehistoric. Malta: McDonald Institute for Archaeological Research. 2022; p. 295-302.
dc.rights © 2022 McDonald Institute for Archaeological Research. Temple people is made available under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercialNoDerivatives 4.0 (International) Licence: https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/
dc.rights.uri http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/
dc.subject.other Prehistòria
dc.subject.other Neolític
dc.subject.other Malta -- Història
dc.title An isotopic study of palaeodiet at the Circle and the Xemxija tombs
dc.type info:eu-repo/semantics/bookPart
dc.identifier.doi http://dx.doi.org/10.17863/CAM.91933
dc.relation.projectID info:eu-repo/grantAgreement/EC/FP7/323727
dc.rights.accessRights info:eu-repo/semantics/openAccess
dc.type.version info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion

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