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Development of a cross-cultural deprivation index in five European countries

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dc.contributor.author Guillaume, Elodie
dc.contributor.author Pornet, Carole
dc.contributor.author Dejardin, Olivier
dc.contributor.author Launay, Ludivine
dc.contributor.author Lillini, Roberto
dc.contributor.author Vercelli, Marina
dc.contributor.author Marí Dell'Olmo, Marc, 1978-
dc.contributor.author Fernández Fontelo, Amanda
dc.contributor.author Borrell i Thió, Carme
dc.contributor.author Ribeiro, Ana Isabel
dc.contributor.author de Pina, Maria Fatima
dc.contributor.author Mayer, Alexandra
dc.contributor.author Delpierre, Cyrille
dc.contributor.author Rachet, Bernard
dc.contributor.author Launoy, Guy
dc.date.accessioned 2024-01-22T06:49:19Z
dc.date.available 2024-01-22T06:49:19Z
dc.date.issued 2016
dc.identifier.citation Guillaume E, Pornet C, Dejardin O, Launay L, Lillini R, Vercelli M, et al. Development of a cross-cultural deprivation index in five European countries. J Epidemiol Community Health. 2016 May;70(5):493-9. DOI: 10.1136/jech-2015-205729
dc.identifier.issn 0143-005X
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/10230/58770
dc.description.abstract Background Despite a concerted policy effort in Europe, social inequalities in health are a persistent problem. Developing a standardised measure of socioeconomic level across Europe will improve the understanding of the underlying mechanisms and causes of inequalities. This will facilitate developing, implementing and assessing new and more effective policies, and will improve the comparability and reproducibility of health inequality studies among countries. This paper presents the extension of the European Deprivation Index (EDI), a standardised measure first developed in France, to four other European countries—Italy, Portugal, Spain and England, using available 2001 and 1999 national census data. Methods and results The method previously tested and validated to construct the French EDI was used: first, an individual indicator for relative deprivation was constructed, defined by the minimal number of unmet fundamental needs associated with both objective (income) poverty and subjective poverty. Second, variables available at both individual (European survey) and aggregate (census) levels were identified. Third, an ecological deprivation index was constructed by selecting the set of weighted variables from the second step that best correlated with the individual deprivation indicator. Conclusions For each country, the EDI is a weighted combination of aggregated variables from the national census that are most highly correlated with a country-specific individual deprivation indicator. This tool will improve both the historical and international comparability of studies, our understanding of the mechanisms underlying social inequalities in health and implementation of intervention to tackle social inequalities in health.
dc.format.mimetype application/pdf
dc.language.iso eng
dc.publisher BMJ Publishing Group
dc.relation.ispartof Journal of Epidemiology & Community Health. 2016 May;70(5):493-9
dc.rights This is an Open Access article distributed in accordance with the Creative Commons Attribution Non Commercial (CC BY-NC 4.0) license, which permits others to distribute, remix, adapt, build upon this work non-commercially, and license their derivative works on different terms, provided the original work is properly cited and the use is non-commercial. See: http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/
dc.rights.uri http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/
dc.subject.other Desigualtat social
dc.subject.other Salut
dc.subject.other Europa
dc.subject.other Economia -- Aspectes sociològics
dc.title Development of a cross-cultural deprivation index in five European countries
dc.type info:eu-repo/semantics/article
dc.identifier.doi http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/jech-2015-205729
dc.rights.accessRights info:eu-repo/semantics/openAccess
dc.type.version info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion


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