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Summed probability distribution of 14C dates suggests regional divergences in the population dynamics of the Jomon Period in eastern Japan

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dc.contributor.author Crema, Enrico R.
dc.contributor.author Habu, Junko
dc.contributor.author Kobayashi, Kenichi
dc.contributor.author Madella, Marco
dc.date.accessioned 2023-12-11T06:47:12Z
dc.date.available 2023-12-11T06:47:12Z
dc.date.issued 2016
dc.identifier.citation Crema ER, Habu J, Kobayashi K, Madella M. Summed probability distribution of 14C dates suggests regional divergences in the population dynamics of the Jomon Period in eastern Japan. PLoS ONE. 2016 Apr 29;11(4):e0154809. DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0154809
dc.identifier.issn 1932-6203
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/10230/58484
dc.description.abstract Recent advances in the use of summed probability distribution (SPD) of calibrated 14C dates have opened new possibilities for studying prehistoric demography. The degree of correlation between climate change and population dynamics can now be accurately quantified, and divergences in the demographic history of distinct geographic areas can be statistically assessed. Here we contribute to this research agenda by reconstructing the prehistoric population change of Jomon hunter-gatherers between 7,000 and 3,000 cal BP. We collected 1,433 14C dates from three different regions in Eastern Japan (Kanto, Aomori and Hokkaido) and established that the observed fluctuations in the SPDs were statistically significant. We also introduced a new non-parametric permutation test for comparing multiple sets of SPDs that highlights point of divergences in the population history of different geographic regions. Our analyses indicate a general rise-and-fall pattern shared by the three regions but also some key regional differences during the 6th millennium cal BP. The results confirm some of the patterns suggested by previous archaeological studies based on house and site counts but offer statistical significance and an absolute chronological framework that will enable future studies aiming to establish potential correlation with climatic changes.
dc.description.sponsorship EC and MM were funded by a Marie-Curie Intra-European Fellowship (grant #625863, url: http://cordis.europa.eu/mariecurie-actions/eif/home.html). SimulPast Project (Consolider-Ingenio CSD2010-00034) also provided funding. The funders had no role in study design, data collection and analysis, decision to publish, or preparation of the manuscript.
dc.format.mimetype application/pdf
dc.language.iso eng
dc.publisher Public Library of Science (PLoS)
dc.relation.ispartof PLoS ONE. 2016 Apr 29;11(4):e0154809
dc.rights © 2016 Crema et al. This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.
dc.rights.uri http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/
dc.subject.other Arqueologia
dc.subject.other Canvis climàtics
dc.subject.other Japó -- Condicions socials
dc.title Summed probability distribution of 14C dates suggests regional divergences in the population dynamics of the Jomon Period in eastern Japan
dc.type info:eu-repo/semantics/article
dc.identifier.doi http://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0154809
dc.relation.projectID info:eu-repo/grantAgreement/EC/H2020/625863
dc.relation.projectID info:eu-repo/grantAgreement/ES/3PN/CSD2010-00034
dc.rights.accessRights info:eu-repo/semantics/openAccess
dc.type.version info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion

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