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Personal exposure to radiofrequency electromagnetic fields in various occupations in Spain and France

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dc.contributor.author Turuban, Maxime
dc.contributor.author Kromhout, Hans
dc.contributor.author Vila Rodríguez, Javier, 1974-
dc.contributor.author Vallbona-Vistós, Miquel
dc.contributor.author Baldi, Isabelle
dc.contributor.author Turner, Michelle C.
dc.date.accessioned 2023-12-11T06:37:08Z
dc.date.available 2023-12-11T06:37:08Z
dc.date.issued 2023
dc.identifier.citation Turuban M, Kromhout H, Vila J, Vallbona-Vistós M, Baldi I, Turner MC. Personal exposure to radiofrequency electromagnetic fields in various occupations in Spain and France. Environ Int. 2023 Oct;180:108156. DOI: 10.1016/j.envint.2023.108156
dc.identifier.issn 0160-4120
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/10230/58464
dc.description.abstract Background: A preliminary job-exposure matrix (JEM) for radiofrequency electromagnetic fields (RF-EMF) was created based on self-reported occupational information from a multi-country population-based study of approximately 10,000 participants combined with available measurement data compiled in a source-exposure matrix (spot measurements). In order to address the limited personal occupational RF-EMF measurement data available in the literature, we performed a measurement campaign among workers in various occupations in Spain and France. Methods: Personal full-shift measurements were conducted using RadMan 2XT™ (Narda) devices. A worker diary was used to capture information on occupational and background sources of RF exposure during the shift. Inclusion of occupations to be measured was initially based on exposure prevalence and level information in the preliminary JEM and expert judgment. Results: Personal full-shift measurements were conducted among 333 workers representing 46 ISCO88 occupations. Exposure to electric (E) and magnetic (H) fields was infrequent with >99% of measurements below the detection limit of the device (≥1% of the 1998 ICNIRP standards). A total of 50.2% and 77.2% of workers were ever exposed to E and H fields respectively (having at least one recorded 1-second measurement above the detection limit). Workers in elementary occupations, technicians and associate professionals, plant and machine operators and assemblers had somewhat greater numbers of measurements above the detection limit, higher maximum values and longer exposure durations. A small proportion of measurements were ≥100% of the standards, though these exceedances were brief (generally a few seconds in duration). Female workers and workers reporting use of any RF-EMF emitting source were more likely to have a measured exposure to E and H fields. Conclusion: We conducted personal RF-EMF measurements among workers in various occupations in Spain and France. Overall, RF-EMF exposure ≥1 % ICNIRP was infrequent, despite some intermittent exposures ≥100% observed among workers in some occupations.
dc.format.mimetype application/pdf
dc.language.iso eng
dc.publisher Elsevier
dc.relation.ispartof Environ Int. 2023 Oct;180:108156
dc.rights © 2023 The Author(s). Published by Elsevier Ltd. This is an open access article under the CC BY license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/).
dc.rights.uri http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/
dc.title Personal exposure to radiofrequency electromagnetic fields in various occupations in Spain and France
dc.type info:eu-repo/semantics/article
dc.identifier.doi http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.envint.2023.108156
dc.subject.keyword Job-exposure matrix
dc.subject.keyword Occupational exposure
dc.subject.keyword Personal measurements
dc.subject.keyword RF-EMF
dc.rights.accessRights info:eu-repo/semantics/openAccess
dc.type.version info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion


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