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Differences between elder and younger populations: a systematic literature review

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dc.contributor.author Maynou Pujolràs, Laia
dc.contributor.author Hernández-Pizarro, Helena M.
dc.contributor.author Errea Rodríguez, María
dc.date.accessioned 2023-11-28T07:07:30Z
dc.date.available 2023-11-28T07:07:30Z
dc.date.issued 2021
dc.identifier.citation Maynou L, Hernández-Pizarro HM, Errea M. The Association of Physical (in)Activity with Mental Health. Differences between elder and younger populations: a systematic literature review. IJERPH. 2021 May 1;18(9):4771. DOI: 10.3390/ijerph18094771
dc.identifier.issn 1660-4601
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/10230/58392
dc.description.abstract Background: Physical activity is associated with mental health benefits. This systematic literature review summarises extant evidence regarding this association, and explores differences observed between populations over sixty-five years and those younger than sixty-five. Methods: We reviewed articles and grey literature reporting at least one measure of physical activity and at least one mental disorder, in people of all ages. Results: From the 2263 abstracts screened, we extracted twenty-seven articles and synthesized the evidence regarding the association between physical (in)activity and one or more mental health outcome measures. We confirmed that physical activity is beneficial for mental health. However, the evidence was mostly based on self-reported physical activity and mental health measures. Only one study compared younger and elder populations, finding that increasing the level of physical activity improved mental health for middle aged and elder women (no association was observed for younger women). Studies including only the elderly found a restricted mental health improvement due to physical activity. Conclusions: We found inverse associations between levels of physical activity and mental health problems. However, more evidence regarding the effect of ageing when measuring associations between physical activity and mental health is needed. By doing so, prescription of physical activity could be more accurately targeted.
dc.format.mimetype application/pdf
dc.language.iso eng
dc.publisher MDPI
dc.relation.ispartof International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2021 May 01;18(9):4771
dc.rights © 2021 by the authors. Licensee MDPI, Basel, Switzerland. This article is an open access article distributed under the terms and conditions of the Creative Commons Attribution (CC BY) license (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/).
dc.rights.uri http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/
dc.title Differences between elder and younger populations: a systematic literature review
dc.type info:eu-repo/semantics/article
dc.identifier.doi http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18094771
dc.subject.keyword Systematic literature review
dc.subject.keyword Physical activity
dc.subject.keyword Diagnosed mental health
dc.subject.keyword Ageing
dc.subject.keyword Clinically relevant mental health
dc.rights.accessRights info:eu-repo/semantics/openAccess
dc.type.version info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion


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