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A great disturbance in the crypto: understanding cryptocurrency returns under attacks

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dc.contributor.author Ramos, Simona
dc.contributor.author Pianese, Fabio
dc.contributor.author Leach, Thomas
dc.contributor.author Oliveras, Ester
dc.date.accessioned 2023-06-15T06:02:12Z
dc.date.available 2023-06-15T06:02:12Z
dc.date.issued 2021
dc.identifier.citation Ramos S, Pianese F, Leach T, Oliveras E. A great disturbance in the crypto: understanding cryptocurrency returns under attacks. Blockchain Res Appl. 2021;2(3):100021. DOI: 10.1016/j.bcra.2021.100021
dc.identifier.issn 2666-9536
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/10230/57175
dc.description.abstract A non-traditional type of financial asset, cryptocurrencies based on public blockchains are still little understood in their real-world behavior. Exogenous events such as cyber-attacks and their media coverage can strongly affect their supply and demand, adoption and usage, efficiency, and infrastructural development, thus influencing their price stability and market valuation. Given the great technical complexity of blockchains, we believe that a pure economic analysis of risks associated with cryptocurrencies is simply not sufficient to convey the relationships between attacks and the disruptive effects that these can bring on the operation of cryptocurrencies. On these grounds, we survey the most common types of attacks for Proof-of-Work (PoW) cryptocurrencies and evaluate their impact on the returns of a number of real-world cryptocurrencies for which market data are available. Due to data availability, our event study analysis focuses on instances of 51% attacks, hard forks, and wallet attacks. The main goal of our analysis is to understand the relationship between technical events (cyber-attacks and coordinated user/miner behavior) and the economic impacts surrounding them. We aim to develop a deeper understanding of these systems that are objects of great research interest in separate disciplines, supporting policymakers in their regulatory decisions concerning crypto-assets and associated cyber-related financial risks.
dc.description.sponsorship This work was funded by H2020 ITN Marie Skłokodowska Curie Action grant No. 814284 “BAnDIT” as part of the EU Horizon 2020 program.
dc.format.mimetype application/pdf
dc.language.iso eng
dc.publisher Elsevier
dc.relation.ispartof Blockchain: Research and Applications. 2021;2(3):100021.
dc.rights © 2021 The Authors. Published by Elsevier B.V. on behalf of Zhejiang University Press. This is an open access article under the CC BY-NC-ND license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/).
dc.rights.uri http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/
dc.title A great disturbance in the crypto: understanding cryptocurrency returns under attacks
dc.type info:eu-repo/semantics/article
dc.identifier.doi http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.bcra.2021.100021
dc.subject.keyword Blockchain
dc.subject.keyword Cryptocurrencies
dc.subject.keyword Event studies
dc.subject.keyword Cyber attacks
dc.relation.projectID info:eu-repo/grantAgreement/EC/H2020/814284
dc.rights.accessRights info:eu-repo/semantics/openAccess
dc.type.version info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion


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