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Childhood adversities and mental disorders in first-year college students: results from the World Mental Health International College Student Initiative

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dc.contributor.author Husky, Mathilde M.
dc.contributor.author Sadikova, Ekaterina
dc.contributor.author Lee, Sue
dc.contributor.author Alonso Caballero, Jordi
dc.contributor.author Auerbach, Randy P.
dc.contributor.author Bantjes, Jason
dc.contributor.author Bruffaerts, Ronny
dc.contributor.author Cuijpers, Pim
dc.contributor.author Ebert, David Daniel
dc.contributor.author Gutiérrez Garcia, Raùl
dc.contributor.author Hasking, Penelope
dc.contributor.author Mak, Arthur
dc.contributor.author McLafferty, Margaret
dc.contributor.author Sampson, Nancy A.
dc.contributor.author Stein, Dan J.
dc.contributor.author Kessler, Ronald C.
dc.contributor.author WHO WMH‐ICS Collaborators
dc.date.accessioned 2023-03-22T07:13:36Z
dc.date.available 2023-03-22T07:13:36Z
dc.date.issued 2022
dc.identifier.citation Husky MM, Sadikova E, Lee S, Alonso J, Auerbach RP, Bantjes J, Bruffaerts R, Cuijpers P, Ebert DD, Garcia RG, Hasking P, Mak A, McLafferty M, Sampson NA, Stein DJ, Kessler RC. Childhood adversities and mental disorders in first-year college students: Results from the World Mental Health International College Student Initiative. Psychological Medicine. 2022;1-11. DOI: 10.1017/S0033291721004980
dc.identifier.issn 0033-2917
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/10230/56313
dc.description.abstract Background: This study investigates associations of several dimensions of childhood adversities (CAs) with lifetime mental disorders, 12-month disorder persistence, and impairment among incoming college students. Methods: Data come from the World Mental Health International College Student Initiative (WMH-ICS). Web-based surveys conducted in nine countries (n = 20 427) assessed lifetime and 12-month mental disorders, 12-month role impairment, and seven types of CAs occurring before the age of 18: parental psychopathology, emotional, physical, and sexual abuse, neglect, bullying victimization, and dating violence. Poisson regressions estimated associations using three dimensions of CA exposure: type, number, and frequency. Results: Overall, 75.8% of students reported exposure to at least one CA. In multivariate regression models, lifetime onset and 12-month mood, anxiety, and substance use disorders were all associated with either the type, number, or frequency of CAs. In contrast, none of these associations was significant when predicting disorder persistence. Of the three CA dimensions examined, only frequency was associated with severe role impairment among students with 12-month disorders. Population-attributable risk simulations suggest that 18.7–57.5% of 12-month disorders and 16.3% of severe role impairment among those with disorders were associated with these CAs. Conclusion: CAs are associated with an elevated risk of onset and impairment among 12-month cases of diverse mental disorders but are not involved in disorder persistence. Future research on the associations of CAs with psychopathology should include fine-grained assessments of CA exposure and attempt to trace out modifiable intervention targets linked to mechanisms of associations with lifetime psychopathology and burden of 12-month mental disorders.
dc.format.mimetype application/pdf
dc.language.iso eng
dc.publisher Cambridge University Press
dc.relation.ispartof Psychological Medicine. 2022;1-11
dc.rights © Cambridge University Press. The published version of the article: Husky MM, Sadikova E, Lee S, Alonso J, Auerbach RP, Bantjes J, Bruffaerts R, Cuijpers P, Ebert DD, Garcia RG, Hasking P, Mak A, McLafferty M, Sampson NA, Stein DJ, Kessler RC. Childhood adversities and mental disorders in first-year college students: Results from the World Mental Health International College Student Initiative. Psychological Medicine. 2022;1-11. DOI: 10.1017/S0033291721004980 is available at http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S0033291721004980.
dc.title Childhood adversities and mental disorders in first-year college students: results from the World Mental Health International College Student Initiative
dc.type info:eu-repo/semantics/article
dc.identifier.doi http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S0033291721004980
dc.subject.keyword Anxiety
dc.subject.keyword Childhood adversities
dc.subject.keyword College students
dc.subject.keyword Depression
dc.subject.keyword Impairment
dc.subject.keyword Substance use disorders
dc.rights.accessRights info:eu-repo/semantics/openAccess
dc.type.version info:eu-repo/semantics/acceptedVersion

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