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Inborn errors of OAS-RNase L in SARS-CoV-2-related multisystem inflammatory syndrome in children

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dc.contributor.author Lee, Danyel
dc.contributor.author COVID Human Genetic Effort
dc.contributor.author Zhang, Shen-Ying
dc.date.accessioned 2023-03-20T07:37:07Z
dc.date.available 2023-03-20T07:37:07Z
dc.date.issued 2023
dc.identifier.citation Lee D, Le Pen J, Yatim A, Dong B, Aquino Y, Ogishi M, et al. Inborn errors of OAS-RNase L in SARS-CoV-2-related multisystem inflammatory syndrome in children. Science. 2023 Feb 10;379(6632):eabo3627. DOI: 10.1126/science.abo3627
dc.identifier.issn 0036-8075
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/10230/56278
dc.description.abstract Multisystem inflammatory syndrome in children (MIS-C) is a rare and severe condition that follows benign COVID-19. We report autosomal recessive deficiencies of OAS1, OAS2, or RNASEL in five unrelated children with MIS-C. The cytosolic double-stranded RNA (dsRNA)-sensing OAS1 and OAS2 generate 2'-5'-linked oligoadenylates (2-5A) that activate the single-stranded RNA-degrading ribonuclease L (RNase L). Monocytic cell lines and primary myeloid cells with OAS1, OAS2, or RNase L deficiencies produce excessive amounts of inflammatory cytokines upon dsRNA or severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) stimulation. Exogenous 2-5A suppresses cytokine production in OAS1-deficient but not RNase L-deficient cells. Cytokine production in RNase L-deficient cells is impaired by MDA5 or RIG-I deficiency and abolished by mitochondrial antiviral-signaling protein (MAVS) deficiency. Recessive OAS-RNase L deficiencies in these patients unleash the production of SARS-CoV-2-triggered, MAVS-mediated inflammatory cytokines by mononuclear phagocytes, thereby underlying MIS-C.
dc.description.sponsorship The Laboratory of Human Genetics of Infectious Diseases is supported by the Howard Hughes Medical Institute, the Rockefeller University, the St. Giles Foundation, the National Institutes of Health (NIH) (R01AI088364 and R21AI160576), the National Center for Advancing Translational Sciences (NCATS), NIH Clinical and Translational Science Award (CTSA) program (UL1TR001866), the Yale Center for Mendelian Genomics and the GSP Coordinating Center funded by the National Human Genome Research Institute (NHGRI) (UM1HG006504 and U24HG008956), the Yale High-Performance Computing Center (S10OD018521), the Fisher Center for Alzheimer’s Research Foundation, the Meyer Foundation, the JBP Foundation, the French National Research Agency (ANR) under the “Investments for the Future” program (ANR-10-IAHU-01), the Integrative Biology of Emerging Infectious Diseases Laboratory of Excellence (ANR-10-LABX-62-IBEID), the French Foundation for Medical Research (FRM) (EQU201903007798), the ANR GenMISC (ANR-21-COVR-039), the ANRS-COV05, ANR GENVIR (ANR-20-CE93-003) and ANR AABIFNCOV (ANR-20-CO11-0001) projects, the ANR-RHU program (ANR-21-RHUS-08), the European Union’s Horizon 2020 research and innovation program under grant agreement 824110 (EASI-genomics), the HORIZON-HLTH-2021-DISEASE-04 program under grant agreement 01057100 (UNDINE), the ANR-RHU Program ANR-21-RHUS-08 (COVIFERON), the Square Foundation, Grandir – Fonds de solidarité pour l’enfance, the Fondation du Souffle, the SCOR Corporate Foundation for Science, the French Ministry of Higher Education, Research, and Innovation (MESRI-COVID-19), Institut National de la Santé et de la Recherche Médicale (INSERM), and Paris Cité University. We acknowledge support from the National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID) of the NIH under award R01AI104887 to R.H.S. and S.R.W. The Laboratory of Human Evolutionary Genetics (Institut Pasteur) is supported by the Institut Pasteur, the Collège de France, the French Government’s Investissement d’Avenir program, Laboratoires d’Excellence “Integrative Biology of Emerging Infectious Diseases” (ANR-10-LABX-62-IBEID) and “Milieu Intérieur” (ANR-10-LABX-69-01), the Fondation de France (no. 00106080), the FRM (Equipe FRM DEQ20180339214 team), and the ANR COVID-19-POPCELL (ANR-21-CO14-0003-01). A.Puj. is supported by ACCI20-759 CIBERER, EasiGenomics H2020 Marató TV3 COVID 2021-31-33, the HORIZON-HLTH-2021-ID: 101057100 (UNDINE), the Horizon 2020 program under grant no. 824110 (EasiGenomics grant no. COVID-19/PID12342), and the CERCA Program/Generalitat de Catalunya. The Canarian Health System sequencing hub was funded by the Instituto de Salud Carlos III (COV20_01333 and COV20_01334), the Spanish Ministry of Science and Innovation (RTC-2017-6471-1; AEI/FEDER, UE), Fundación MAPFRE Guanarteme (OA21/131), and Cabildo Insular de Tenerife (CGIEU0000219140 and “Apuestas científicas del ITER para colaborar en la lucha contra la COVID-19”). The CoV-Contact Cohort was funded by the French Ministry of Health and the European Commission (RECOVER project). Our studies are also funded by the Ministry of Health of the Czech Republic Conceptual Development of Research Organization (FNBr, 65269705) and ANID COVID0999 funding in Chile. G. Novelli and A. Novelli are supported by Regione Lazio (Research Group Projects 2020) No. A0375-2020-36663, GecoBiomark. A.M.P., M.L.D., and J.P.-T. are supported by the Inmungen-CoV2 project of CSIC. This work was supported in part by the Intramural Research Program of the NIAID, NIH. The research work of A.M..P, M.L.D., and J.P.-T. was funded by the European Commission –NextGenerationEU (Regulation EU 2020/2094), through CSIC’s Global Health Platform (PTI Salud Global). I.M. is a senior clinical investigator at FWO Vlaanderen supported by a VIB GC PID grant, by FWO grants G0B5120N (DADA2) and G0E8420N, and by the Jeffrey Modell Foundation. I.M. holds an ERC-StG MORE2ADA2 grant and is also supported by ERN-RITA.​ A.Y. is supported by fellowships from the European Academy of Dermatology and Venereology and the Swiss National Science Foundation and by an Early Career Award from the Thrasher Research Fund. Y.-H.C. is supported by an A*STAR International Fellowship (AIF). M.O. was supported by the David Rockefeller Graduate Program, the New York Hideyo Noguchi Memorial Society (HNMS), the Funai Foundation for Information Technology (FFIT), the Honjo International Scholarship Foundation (HISF), and the National Cancer Institute (NCI) F99 Award (F99CA274708). A.A.A. was supported by Ministerio de Ciencia Tecnología e Innovación MINCIENCIAS, Colombia (111584467551/CT 415-2020). D.L. is supported by a fellowship from the FRM for medical residents and fellows. E.H. received funding from the Bank of Montreal Chair of Pediatric Immunology, Foundation of CHU Sainte-Justine, CIHR grants PCC-466901 and MM1-181123, and a Canadian Pediatric Society IMPACT study. Q.P.-H. received funding from the European Union’s Horizon 2020 research and innovation program (ATAC, 101003650), the Swedish Research Council, and the Knut and Alice Wallenberg Foundation. Work in the Laboratory of Virology and Infectious Disease was supported by NIH grants P01AI138398-S1, 2U19AI111825, R01AI091707-10S1, and R01AI161444; a George Mason University Fast Grant; the G. Harold and Leila Y. Mathers Charitable Foundation; the Meyer Foundation; and the Bawd Foundation. R.P.L. is on the board of directors of both Roche and the Roche subsidiary Genentech. J.L.P. was supported by a Francois Wallace Monahan Postdoctoral Fellowship at the Rockefeller University and by a European Molecular Biology Organization Long-Term Fellowship (ALTF 380-2018).
dc.format.mimetype application/pdf
dc.language.iso eng
dc.publisher American Association for the Advancement of Science (AAAS)
dc.relation.ispartof Science. 2023 Feb 10;379(6632):eabo3627
dc.rights © 2023 The Authors, some rights reserved; exclusive licensee American Association for the Advancement of Science. No claim to original U.S. Government Works. Distributed under a Creative Commons Attribution License 4.0 (CC BY). This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution license, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
dc.rights.uri https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/
dc.title Inborn errors of OAS-RNase L in SARS-CoV-2-related multisystem inflammatory syndrome in children
dc.type info:eu-repo/semantics/article
dc.identifier.doi http://dx.doi.org/10.1126/science.abo3627
dc.relation.projectID info:eu-repo/grantAgreement/EC/H2020/824110
dc.relation.projectID info:eu-repo/grantAgreement/EC/HE/101057100
dc.rights.accessRights info:eu-repo/semantics/openAccess
dc.type.version info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion


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