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Non-muscle-invasive micropapillary bladder cancer has a distinct lncRNA profile associated with unfavorable prognosis

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dc.contributor.author de Jong, Joep J.
dc.contributor.author Valderrama, Begoña P.
dc.contributor.author Perera Bel, Júlia
dc.contributor.author Juanpere, Nuria
dc.contributor.author Cejas, Paloma
dc.contributor.author Long, Henry
dc.contributor.author Albà Soler, Mar
dc.contributor.author Gibb, Ewan A.
dc.contributor.author Bellmunt Molins, Joaquim, 1959-
dc.date.accessioned 2022-10-13T06:33:40Z
dc.date.issued 2022
dc.identifier.citation de Jong JJ, Valderrama BP, Perera J, Juanpere N, Cejas P, Long H, et al. Non-muscle-invasive micropapillary bladder cancer has a distinct lncRNA profile associated with unfavorable prognosis. Cancer. 2022 Jul; 127(2): 313-20. DOI: 10.1038/s41416-022-01799-2
dc.identifier.issn 0007-0920
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/10230/54364
dc.description.abstract Background: molecular subtyping of bladder cancer has revealed luminal tumors generally have a more favourable prognosis. However, some aggressive forms of variant histology, including micropapillary, are often classified luminal. In previous work, we found long non-coding RNA (lncRNA) expression profiles could identify a subgroup of luminal bladder tumors with less aggressive biology and better outcomes. Objective: in the present study, we aimed to investigate whether lncRNA expression profiles could identify high-grade T1 micropapillary bladder cancer with differential outcome. Design, setting, and participants: LncRNAs were quantified from RNA-seq data from a HGT1 bladder cancer cohort that was enriched for primary micropapillary cases (15/84). Unsupervised consensus clustering of variant lncRNAs identified a three-cluster solution, which was further characterised using a panel of micropapillary-associated biomarkers, molecular subtypes, gene signatures, and survival analysis. A single-sample genomic signature was trained using lasso-penalized logistic regression to classify micropapillary-like gene-expression, as characterised by lncRNA clustering. The genomic classifier (GC) was tested on luminal tumors derived from the TCGA cohort (N = 202). Outcome measurements and statistical analysis: patient and tumor characteristics were compared between subgroups by using X2 tests and two-sided Wilcoxon rank-sum tests. Primary endpoints were overall, progression-free and high-grade recurrence-free survival, calculated as the date of high-grade T1 disease at TURBT till date of death from any cause, progression, or recurrence, respectively. Survival rates were estimated using weighted Kaplan-Meier (KM) curves. Results and limitations: primary micropapillary HGT1 showed decreased FGFR3, SHH, and p53 pathway activity relative to tumors with conventional urothelial carcinoma. Many bladder cancer-associated lncRNAs were downregulated in micropapillary tumors, including UCA1, LINC00152, and MALAT1. Unsupervised consensus clustering resulted in a lncRNA cluster 1 (LC1) with worse prognosis that was enriched for primary micropapillary histology and the Luminal Unstable (LumU) molecular subtype. Interestingly, LC1 appeared to better identify aggressive HGT1 disease, compared to stratifying outcomes using primary histologic characteristics. A signature trained to identify LC1 cases showed good performance in the testing cohort, identifying seven cases with significantly worse survival (p < 0.001). Limitations include the retrospective nature of the study and the lack of a validation cohort. Conclusions: using the lncRNA transcriptome we identified a subgroup of aggressive HGT1 bladder cancer that was enriched with micropapillary histology. These data suggest that lncRNAs can facilitate the identification of aggressive micropapillary-like tumors, potentially improving patient management.
dc.format.mimetype application/pdf
dc.language.iso eng
dc.publisher Nature Research
dc.rights © Springer Nature Publishing AG de Jong JJ, Valderrama BP, Perera J, Juanpere N, Cejas P, Long H, et al. Non-muscle-invasive micropapillary bladder cancer has a distinct lncRNA profile associated with unfavorable prognosis. Cancer. 2022 Jul; 127(2): 313-20. http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/s41416-022-01799-2
dc.subject.other Bufeta
dc.subject.other Càncer
dc.subject.other Prognosi
dc.title Non-muscle-invasive micropapillary bladder cancer has a distinct lncRNA profile associated with unfavorable prognosis
dc.type info:eu-repo/semantics/article
dc.identifier.doi http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/s41416-022-01799-2
dc.rights.accessRights info:eu-repo/semantics/openAccess
dc.type.version info:eu-repo/semantics/acceptedVersion

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