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Evolutionary trajectories of complex traits in European populations of modern humans

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dc.contributor.author Kuijpers, Yunus
dc.contributor.author Domínguez-Andrés, Jorge
dc.contributor.author Bakker, Olivier B.
dc.contributor.author Gupta, Manoj Kumar
dc.contributor.author Grasshoff, Martin
dc.contributor.author Xu, Cheng-Jian
dc.contributor.author Joosten, Leo Ab
dc.contributor.author Bertranpetit, Jaume, 1952-
dc.contributor.author Netea, Mihai G
dc.contributor.author Li, Yang
dc.date.accessioned 2022-06-13T06:07:16Z
dc.date.available 2022-06-13T06:07:16Z
dc.date.issued 2022
dc.identifier.citation Kuijpers Y, Domínguez-Andrés J, Bakker OB, Gupta MK, Grasshoff M, Xu CJ, Joosten LAB, Bertranpetit J, Netea MG, Li Y. Evolutionary trajectories of complex traits in European populations of modern humans. Front Genet. 2022 Mar 28;13:833190. DOI: 10.3389/fgene.2022.833190
dc.identifier.issn 1664-8021
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/10230/53460
dc.description.abstract Humans have a great diversity in phenotypes, influenced by genetic, environmental, nutritional, cultural, and social factors. Understanding the historical trends of physiological traits can shed light on human physiology, as well as elucidate the factors that influence human diseases. Here we built genome-wide polygenic scores for heritable traits, including height, body mass index, lipoprotein concentrations, cardiovascular disease, and intelligence, using summary statistics of genome-wide association studies in Europeans. Subsequently, we applied these scores to the genomes of ancient European populations. Our results revealed that after the Neolithic, European populations experienced an increase in height and intelligence scores, decreased their skin pigmentation, while the risk for coronary artery disease increased through a genetic trajectory favoring low HDL concentrations. These results are a reflection of the continuous evolutionary processes in humans and highlight the impact that the Neolithic revolution had on our lifestyle and health.
dc.description.sponsorship MN was supported by an ERC Advanced Grant (833247) and a Spinoza Grant of the Netherlands Organization for Scientific Research. YL was supported by an ERC Starting Grant (948207) and the Radboud University Medical Centre Hypatia Grant (2018) for Scientific Research. JD-A. is supported by The Netherlands Organization for Scientific Research (VENI grant 09150161910024). JB was supported by PID 2019-110933GB-I00 (AEI/FEDER, UE) MINECO, Spain. C-JX was supported by the Helmholtz Initiative and Networking Fund (1800167).
dc.format.mimetype application/pdf
dc.language.iso eng
dc.publisher Frontiers
dc.relation.ispartof Front Genet. 2022 Mar 28;13:833190
dc.rights © 2022 Kuijpers, Domínguez-Andrés, Bakker, Gupta, Grasshoff, Xu, Joosten, Bertranpetit, Netea and Li. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY). The use, distribution or reproduction in other forums is permitted, provided the original author(s) and the copyright owner(s) are credited and that the original publication in this journal is cited, in accordance with accepted academic practice. No use, distribution or reproduction is permitted which does not comply with these terms.
dc.rights.uri http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/
dc.title Evolutionary trajectories of complex traits in European populations of modern humans
dc.type info:eu-repo/semantics/article
dc.identifier.doi http://dx.doi.org/10.3389/fgene.2022.833190
dc.subject.keyword Neolithic revolution
dc.subject.keyword Complex traits
dc.subject.keyword Evolution
dc.subject.keyword Human genetics
dc.subject.keyword Polygenic risk scores (PRS)
dc.relation.projectID info:eu-repo/grantAgreement/EC/H2020/833247
dc.relation.projectID info:eu-repo/grantAgreement/EC/H2020/948207
dc.rights.accessRights info:eu-repo/semantics/openAccess
dc.type.version info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion

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