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The beneficial effects of short-term exposure to scuba diving on human mental health

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dc.contributor.author Carreño, Arnau
dc.contributor.author Gascón, Mireia
dc.contributor.author Vert Roca, Cristina, 1991-
dc.contributor.author Lloret, Josep
dc.date.accessioned 2022-05-23T06:34:52Z
dc.date.available 2022-05-23T06:34:52Z
dc.date.issued 2020
dc.identifier.citation Carreño A, Gascon M, Vert C, Lloret J. The Beneficial effects of short-term exposure to scuba diving on human mental health. Int J Environ Res Public Health. 2020 Oct 3;17(19):7238. DOI: 10.3390/ijerph17197238
dc.identifier.issn 1661-7827
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/10230/53200
dc.description.abstract Exposure to outdoor blue spaces can help improve human health by reducing stress, promoting social relationships, and physical activity. While most studies have focused on the adverse health effects of scuba diving, very few have assessed its health benefits. Moreover, when scuba diving is done in large groups with no diving instructor or pre-dive briefing, negative environmental impacts are generated and negative impacts on human health may also occur due to overcrowding, which may create stress. This is the first study to evaluate the effects of scuba diving on divers' mental health using their diving practices to estimate the impacts on the ecosystem. In the marine-protected area of Cap de Creus and adjacent areas, we assessed the mental health of 176 divers and 70 beach users (control group) by employing a 29-item version of Profile of Mood State (POMS) questionnaires. According to the parameters associated with reduced environmental impacts, two scuba diving experiences were established. Poisson regression models were performed to assess both the contribution of the activity and diving experiences to POMS scores. Both groups (scuba divers and beach goers) reduced their POMS scores after carrying out the activities. Although no significant differences were found between beach and scuba diving activities, nor between the two different scuba diving experiences, our results showed that subjects with regular medication intake due to a chronic or psychiatric illness had a POMS reduction score significantly higher than other subjects. We conclude that both beach and scuba diving activities have positive effects for human mental health, particularly among subjects with regular medication intake.
dc.format.mimetype application/pdf
dc.language.iso eng
dc.publisher MDPI
dc.relation.ispartof Int J Environ Res Public Health. 2020 Oct 3;17(19):7238
dc.rights © 2020 by the authors. Licensee MDPI, Basel, Switzerland. This article is an open access article distributed under the terms and conditions of the Creative Commons Attribution (CC BY) license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/).
dc.rights.uri http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/
dc.title The beneficial effects of short-term exposure to scuba diving on human mental health
dc.type info:eu-repo/semantics/article
dc.identifier.doi http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17197238
dc.subject.keyword Ecosystem health
dc.subject.keyword Medication
dc.subject.keyword Mental health
dc.subject.keyword Scuba diving
dc.rights.accessRights info:eu-repo/semantics/openAccess
dc.type.version info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion


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