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Associations between road traffic noise exposure at home and school and ADHD in school-aged children: the TRAILS study

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dc.contributor.author Zijlema, Wilma
dc.contributor.author de Kluizenaar, Y.
dc.contributor.author Kamp, Irene van
dc.contributor.author Hartman, Catharina A.
dc.date.accessioned 2022-05-20T05:55:18Z
dc.date.available 2022-05-20T05:55:18Z
dc.date.issued 2021
dc.identifier.citation Zijlema WL, de Kluizenaar Y, Kamp I van, Hartman CA. Associations between road traffic noise exposure at home and school and ADHD in school-aged children: the TRAILS study. Eur Child Adolesc Psychiatry. 2021 Jan;30(1):155-67. DOI: 10.1007/s00787-020-01521-8
dc.identifier.issn 1018-8827
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/10230/53181
dc.description.abstract Environmental noise may play a role in the manifestation and severity of attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) symptoms, but evidence is limited. We investigated the cross-sectional associations between residential and school road traffic noise exposure and ADHD symptoms and diagnosis. The sample included n = 1710, 10-12-year-old children from the TRAILS study in The Netherlands. ADHD symptoms were measured using a DSM-IV based subscale from the Child Behavior Checklist. Children with diagnosed ADHD originated from the clinic-referred cohort. Road traffic noise (Lden) was estimated at the residence and school level, by model calculation. Risk ratios for ADHD symptoms and ADHD diagnoses, and regression coefficients for symptom severity were estimated separately and simultaneously for residential and school road traffic noise. Adjusted multinomial models with residential road traffic noise showed that residential noise was not associated with ADHD symptoms, but was associated with lower risks for ADHD diagnosis (RR = 0.93; 95% CI 0.89, 0.97). Similar associations were observed for models including school road traffic noise and models including both exposures. No clear exposure response relationship was observed for associations between residential or school noise and ADHD symptom severity. We found no evidence for a harmful association between road traffic noise and ADHD. Associations between noise and lower risks for ADHD were observed only in referred cases with a confirmed ADHD diagnosis and may be due to residual confounding or selection bias. Future studies should focus on residential and school noise exposure, and study associations with ADHD symptoms and diagnosis over time.
dc.format.mimetype application/pdf
dc.language.iso eng
dc.publisher Springer
dc.relation.ispartof Eur Child Adolesc Psychiatry. 2021 Jan;30(1):155-67
dc.rights © The Author(s) 2020. Open Access This article is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License, which permits use, sharing, adaptation, distribution and reproduction in any medium or format, as long as you give appropriate credit to the original author(s) and the source, provide a link to the Creative Commons licence, and indicate if changes were made. The images or other third party material in this article are included in the article's Creative Commons licence, unless indicated otherwise in a credit line to the material. If material is not included in the article's Creative Commons licence and your intended use is not permitted by statutory regulation or exceeds the permitted use, you will need to obtain permission directly from the copyright holder. To view a copy of this licence, visit http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/.
dc.rights.uri http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/
dc.title Associations between road traffic noise exposure at home and school and ADHD in school-aged children: the TRAILS study
dc.type info:eu-repo/semantics/article
dc.identifier.doi http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00787-020-01521-8
dc.subject.keyword Adolescents
dc.subject.keyword Attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder
dc.subject.keyword Child health
dc.subject.keyword Cross-sectional study
dc.subject.keyword Road traffic noise
dc.rights.accessRights info:eu-repo/semantics/openAccess
dc.type.version info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion


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